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Inclusión social ¿en qué? Un enfoque racional

Author

Listed:
  • Javier Iguiñiz

    (Departamento de Economía de la PUC del Perú)

Abstract

El objetivo general es mostrar la necesidad de una mirada multidimensional de la realidad. Para ello, cuatro conjuntos de gráficos nos permiten contrastar y complementar algunos de los elementos clásicos en el diagnóstico sobre América Latina durante las últimas décadas. El primero, sobre la brecha con los países ricos, muestra la evolución de largo plazo del PIB per capita y de indicadores básicos de salud y educación, para poner en evidencia que mientras en el primer caso se amplía en los otros dos se reduce. En el segundo conjunto mostramos que la “década perdida” en los ochenta del siglo pasado no fue una pérdida total. Algunos indicadores valiosos continuaron mostrando mejoras a pesar de la crisis. El tercero, muestra la diferencia entre la desigualdad regional al interior de varios países cuando se registra en términos económicos y en desarrollo humano. Finalmente, ploteamos en un plano indicadores económicos y de desarrollo humano de los países del mundo para ubicar a los países latinoamericanos y mostrar que estamos en una “esquina” en la que la reducción de privaciones básicas tiende a hacerse más lento y más caro. JEL Classification-JEL: O15

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Iguiñiz, 2014. "Inclusión social ¿en qué? Un enfoque racional," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2014-373, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00373
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    File URL: http://files.pucp.edu.pe/departamento/economia/DDD373.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Desarrollo humano; pobreza extrema; desarrollo económico; América Latina.;

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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