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Microeconomía: preferencias y elecciones de los consumidores

Listed author(s):
  • Cecilia Garavito

    (Departamento de Economía - Sección Economía-Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

Este es el primer capítulo de un libro sobre Microeconomía de pre grado, que además de presentar los temas estudiados a nivel intuitivo, gráfico y matemático, incorpora los elementos instituciones y de contexto de un país como el Perú, así como las relaciones de género allí donde es pertinente. En este capítulo presentamos el modelo simple del consumidor. Así partimos de las condiciones de óptimo del consumidor para llegar al análisis de dualidad y presentar los efectos sustitución e ingreso ordinarios. Luego del análisis de las curvas de demanda ordinaria y compensada, y el concepto de elasticidad precio e ingreso, llegamos finalmente a la Ecuación de Slutsky. Asimismo, presentamos la teoría de preferencia revelada y de allí seguimos con las diversas formas de medir los cambios en el bienestar del consumidor ante cambios en los precios. Finalmente derivamos la curva de demanda de mercado y los conceptos de ingreso medio y marginal. Allí donde es pertinente el capítulo profundiza en los diversos temas con ejemplos tomados de la realidad peruana.

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File URL: http://files.pucp.edu.pe/departamento/economia/DDD329.pdf
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Paper provided by Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in its series Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers with number 2012-329.

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Length: 70 pages
Date of creation: 2012
Publication status: published
Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00329
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Av. Universitaria 1801, San Miguel, Lima, Perú

Phone: (511) 626-2000 ext. 4950, 4951
Fax: (511) 626-2874
Web page: http://departamento.pucp.edu.pe/economia/
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