La responsabilidad moral del mundo de la economía desde la doctrina social de la Iglesia Católica
This article aims to set the way in which the Encyclical Caritas in Veritate follows the pattern of criticism of the modern economy which has resulted in encyclicals the three last centuries. This tradition also corresponds to the bishops document in Aparecida. A look that serves as the basis for assessing the nature of this criticism is one that draws attention both on the degree of autonomy of the economy with respect to moral "interference" that might come from outside the world of the economy as the autonomy of the Church vis a vis that world. With this in mind, we show how the recent Encyclical always puts the labour problem and the distribution of income in foreground, and also how all moral judgment requires to determine responsibilities. After a clarification on the meaning of subsidiarity and of the public aspect of the practice of charity and of the Church, we try what the Pope considers an inappropriate division of labour between economic and political action in the process of conquering justice and in the exercise of gratuituousness . But justice and the free gift is not privilege of any State or private institution specialized in solidarity, and call to exercise both in all of them. In all fields of life and all the institutions, including the enterprise, the moral requirement is the same.
|Date of creation:||2009|
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