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Le differenze nel livello di sviluppo fra i paesi: accumulazione di fattori o TFP?

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  • A. Lasagni

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Abstract

Il divario nel livello di sviluppo economico fra i paesi del mondo (tradizionalmente misurato dal livello del prodotto reale per addetto) e' aumentato in modo significativo a partire dagli anni '70. Questo lavoro, attraverso un esercizio di development accounting, metodologia ispirata al tradizionale approccio di contabilità della crescita, analizza l'importanza relativa dell'accumulazione di fattori produttivi e della componente 'residuale' (valutata come proxy dell’efficienza o Total Factor Productivity) per l'interpretazione di tale divario. In media, utilizzando i dati ufficiali disponibili per misurare l'accumulazione di capitale fisico e capitale umano per ciascun paese, non si arriva a 'spiegare' piu' del 40% del livello di sviluppo economico. Inoltre, come viene sottolineato dalla maggior parte degli studi recenti, la quota della variabilita' cross country del prodotto per addetto che puo' essere attribuita alla TFP risulta essere elevata e crescente. Una dettagliata analisi di sensitivita' sembra confermare la sostanziale solidita' di questi risultati rispetto ai potenziali problemi legati alla scelta delle fonti statistiche, alla misurazione dei fenomeni in oggetto e alla specificazione delle variabili.

Suggested Citation

  • A. Lasagni, 2004. "Le differenze nel livello di sviluppo fra i paesi: accumulazione di fattori o TFP?," Economics Department Working Papers 2004-EP04, Department of Economics, Parma University (Italy).
  • Handle: RePEc:par:dipeco:2004-ep04
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    factor accumulation; neoclassical model; total factor productivity;

    JEL classification:

    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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