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vTaiwan: An Empirical Study of Open Consultation Process in Taiwan


  • Hsiao, Yu Tang
  • Lin, Shu-Yang
  • Tang, Audrey
  • Narayanan, Darshana
  • Sarahe, Claudina


Launched in 2014, vTaiwan is an open consultation process that brings Taiwan citizens and government together in online and offline spaces, to deliberate and reach rough consensus on national issues, and to craft national digital legislation. This paper documents vTaiwan's background, open consultation process framework, and the collaborative open source engagement tools used in vTaiwan. The UberX case study highlights vTaiwan's open format and crowdsourcing characteristics as well as vTaiwan's culture-a recursive public that shapes an interactive environment that is capable of speaking to existing forms of power through an evolving rough consensus. Aiming to go beyond its limitations and challenges, vTaiwan iterates on creating a feasible model of decentralized consultation for society.

Suggested Citation

  • Hsiao, Yu Tang & Lin, Shu-Yang & Tang, Audrey & Narayanan, Darshana & Sarahe, Claudina, 2018. "vTaiwan: An Empirical Study of Open Consultation Process in Taiwan," SocArXiv xyhft, Center for Open Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:osf:socarx:xyhft
    DOI: 10.31219/

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    Cited by:

    1. Yasuhiro Asa & Takeshi Kato & Ryuji Mine, 2022. "Composite Consensus-Building Process: Permissible Meeting Analysis and Compromise Choice Exploration," Papers 2211.08593,
    2. Lobo-Pulo, Audrey E. & Ribas Fernandes, José J. F. & Hester, Annette & Hum, Ryan J., 2019. "Government and Digital Engagement Technologies: The Elusive Search for Consensus," SocArXiv h2vc4, Center for Open Science.

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