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Los Biocombustibles: Desarrollos recientes y tendencias internacionales

Author

Listed:
  • Arturo Leonardo Vásquez Cordano

    () (Chief Economist and Manager of the Bureau of Regulatory Policy and Economic Analysis at Osinergmin, Vice-President of the Commission of Free Competition at the Peruvian Antitrust and Consumer Protection Authority (Indecopi), as well as Professor at GERENS Graduate School of Business in Lima, Peru.)

  • Ricardo De la Cruz Sandoval

    () (Especialista económico de Hidrocarburos.)

  • Francisco Coello Jaramillo

    () (Analista económico de Hidrocarburos.)

Abstract

En este documento de trabajo se realiza una síntesis de las características de los principales biocombustibles (biodiesel y etanol) y sus etapas de producción. Asimismo, se presenta un resumen del análisis del ciclo de vida que mide finalmente el balance energético de los biocombustibles realizado por Bruinsma (2009) para el caso de la palma y la jatropha. Se discuten posteriormente las principales características del mercado internacional de biocombustibles incluyendo los porcentajes mínimos en la participación de mercado, la evolución del consumo, la evolución de la oferta, los principales agentes en Europa y América Latina así como la evolución de los precios internacionales y las tendencias que organismos internacionales han identificado. Luego se analiza el mercado local de biocombustibles donde se realiza una síntesis del marco legal e institucional, la producción nacional, la demanda, comercio internacional, los costos de producción. Posteriormente, se analizan los riesgos y retos del mercado de biocombustibles incluyendo las barreras al comercio internacional, los problemas que se han identificado en el desarrollo de los biocombustibles y las disyuntivas implícitas en su promoción, todo ello bajo una mirada que enfatiza las lecciones de política para el Perú.

Suggested Citation

  • Arturo Leonardo Vásquez Cordano & Ricardo De la Cruz Sandoval & Francisco Coello Jaramillo, 2016. "Los Biocombustibles: Desarrollos recientes y tendencias internacionales," Working Papers 36, Osinergmin, Gerencia de Políticas y Análisis Económico.
  • Handle: RePEc:ose:wpaper:36
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation

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