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Exploring changes in world production and trade: Insights from the 2018 update of OECD’s ICIO/TIVA database


  • Joaquim Guilhoto
  • Geoffrey Hewings
  • Nick Johnstone
  • Colin Webb
  • Norihiko Yamano


Drawing on the 2018 update of OECD’s Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) database, this paper explores the evolution of trade in value added (TiVA) between 2005 and 2015. Changes in international production systems are examined with particular attention given to four key sectors heavily integrated into global value chains (GVCs): Textiles and Apparel; Chemicals; ICT and Electronics; and, Motor Vehicles. Some insights into the roles played by services sectors and non-residents’ expenditure and, the employment and environmental impacts of GVCs, are also provided.Considerable heterogeneity across countries and regions is revealed, particularly for East and Southeast Asian where China plays a key role. Services are increasingly important for manufactured exporting activities as well as for countries wishing to “upgrade” their activities to higher value added stages of production. Taking a consumption perspective suggests that national efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could be affected by international outsourcing of production.

Suggested Citation

  • Joaquim Guilhoto & Geoffrey Hewings & Nick Johnstone & Colin Webb & Norihiko Yamano, 2019. "Exploring changes in world production and trade: Insights from the 2018 update of OECD’s ICIO/TIVA database," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2019/04, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2019/04-en
    DOI: 10.1787/6f9a10dc-en

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    CO2 Emissions Embodied in Trade; Inter-Country Input-Output; International Trade; Trade in Employment; Trade in Value Added;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models

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