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Venture Capital Policies in Sweden


  • Günseli Baygan


Sweden has one of the highest levels of private equity investment as a share of GDP among OECD countries. However, its strength lies in later-stage investments, financed primarily by foreign investors. This reflects an industrial structure based on large manufacturing conglomerates. A lack of entrepreneurial demand and equity-related management expertise hinder the growth of the domestic venture capital industry. The Swedish government is now considering a set of changes to its regulatory and fiscal system to better target the needs of small, technology-based firms. Removing quantitative restrictions on institutional investors, lowering tax rates, and restructuring equity programmes are necessary steps. This paper analyses trends in Swedish venture capital markets and makes policy recommendations which have been developed through an OECD peer review process ... Politiques de capital-risque en Suède La Suède fait partie des pays de l’OCDE où la part des investissements en capital-risque dans le PIB est la plus élevée. Étant donné la structure industrielle du pays, et la place prépondérante qu’y occupent les grands groupes industriels, il s’agit toutefois pour l’essentiel d’investissements d’origine étrangère destinés à des entreprises déjà bien établies. Au plan national, l’absence de demande du côté des entrepreneurs et le manque de compétences en gestion pour les investissements en fonds propres entravent le développement de l’industrie du capital-risque. Le gouvernement suédois envisage actuellement de modifier divers aspects du cadre fiscal et réglementaire de l’investissement afin de mieux répondre aux besoins des entreprises technologiques de petite taille. La suppression des restrictions quantitatives appliquées aux opérations des investisseurs institutionnels, la diminution des taux d’imposition et la restructuration des programmes de prises de participation seraient à ...

Suggested Citation

  • Günseli Baygan, 2003. "Venture Capital Policies in Sweden," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2003/11, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2003/11-en

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