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The OECD Technology Concordance (OTC): Patents by Industry of Manufacture and Sector of Use

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  • Daniel K. N. Johnson

Abstract

While patent data are now readily available for most nations, these data are still of minimal use for economic analysis due to their mode of presentation. Patents are recorded for administrative purposes using the International Patent Classification (IPC) system, which categorises inventions by product or process. Instead, most economic researchers and analysts are interested in the particular sectors of the economy responsible for the invention or its subsequent use. The OECD Technology Concordance (OTC) presented here, like its predecessor the Yale Technology Concordance, is a tool that bridges definitions, allowing researchers to transform IPC-based patent data into patent counts by sector of the economy. This paper presents the methodology, some sample output and empirical tests of the method. It should be noted that the methodological work on the distribution of patent data by industry at the OECD is an early stage and further improvement of the OTC is expected in the ... Il est facile aujourd’hui de se procurer des données sur les brevets dans la plupart des pays, mais leur mode de présentation leur enlève presque toute pertinence pour l’analyse économique. Les brevets sont enregistrés à des fins administratives selon le système de Classification internationale des brevets (CIB), dans lequel les inventions sont regroupées par produits ou procédés. Par contre, la plupart des données et des analyses économiques portent sur les secteurs de l’économie à l’origine d’une invention ou sur ceux qui en sont les utilisateurs. A l’instar du Technology Concordance de Yale en usage avant lui, le Technology Concordance de l’OCDE (OTC) présenté ici est un outil qui établit un lien entre les deux logiques et permet aux chercheurs, à partir des données sur les brevets classées selon le système CIB, de répertorier les brevets par secteur économique. On trouvera dans le présent document, la méthodologie, quelques exemples d’application, et des essais empiriques de la ...

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  • Daniel K. N. Johnson, 2002. "The OECD Technology Concordance (OTC): Patents by Industry of Manufacture and Sector of Use," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2002/5, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2002/5-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/521138670407
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    Cited by:

    1. Vanessa Oltra & Rene Kemp & Frans P. De Vries, 2010. "Patents as a measure for eco-innovation," International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 13(2), pages 130-148.
    2. Cucculelli, Marco & Ermini, Barbara, 2012. "New product introduction and product tenure: What effects on firm growth?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(5), pages 808-821.
    3. Filomena Pietrovito & Alberto Franco Pozzolo & Luca Salvatici, 2016. "Internationalization choices: an ordered probit analysis at industry level," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 50(2), pages 561-594, March.
    4. Ann Bartel & Saul Lach & Nachum Sicherman, 2005. "Outsourcing and Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 11158, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Maria Cipollina & Giorgia Giovannetti & Filomena Pietrovito & Alberto F. Pozzolo, 2012. "FDI and Growth: What Cross-country Industry Data Say," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(11), pages 1599-1629, November.
    6. repec:spr:scient:v:98:y:2014:i:2:d:10.1007_s11192-013-1109-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Dorner, Matthias & Harhoff, Dietmar, 2017. "A novel technology-industry concordance table based on linked inventor-establishment data," FDZ Methodenreport 201707_en, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    8. Toole, Andrew A. & King, John L., 2011. "Industry-science connections in agriculture: Do public science collaborations and knowledge flows contribute to firm-level agricultural research productivity?," ZEW Discussion Papers 11-064, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    9. Mario Maggioni & Teodora Erika Uberti & Stefano Usai, 2011. "Treating Patents as Relational Data: Knowledge Transfers and Spillovers across Italian Provinces," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(1), pages 39-67.
    10. King, John L., 2009. "Multinational Technology Diffusion in Agriculture," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49820, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    11. repec:wip:wpaper:5 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Brecard, Dorothee & Fougeyrollas, Arnaud & Le Mouel, Pierre & Lemiale, Lionel & Zagame, Paul, 2006. "Macro-economic consequences of European research policy: Prospects of the Nemesis model in the year 2030," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 910-924, September.
    13. Bas Straathof & Sander van Veldhuizen, 2012. "Market size, institutions, and the value of rights provided by patents," CPB Discussion Paper 226, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    14. Huang, Can & Jacob, Jojo, 2014. "Determinants of quadic patenting: Market access, imitative threat, competition and strength of intellectual property rights," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 4-16.
    15. Uchida, Yuichiro & Cook, Paul, 2004. "The Transformation of Competitive Advantage in East Asia: An Analysis of Technological and Trade Specialisation," Centre on Regulation and Competition (CRC) Working papers 30636, University of Manchester, Institute for Development Policy and Management (IDPM).
    16. repec:spr:scient:v:98:y:2014:i:3:d:10.1007_s11192-013-1131-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. repec:wsi:ijitmx:v:09:y:2012:i:03:n:s0219877012500204 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Huang, Can & Wu, Yilin, 2012. "State-led Technological Development: A Case of China’s Nanotechnology Development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 970-982.
    19. Taegi Kim & Keith E. Maskus & Keun-Yeob Oh, 2009. "Effects Of Patents On Productivity Growth In Korean Manufacturing: A Panel Data Analysis," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(2), pages 137-154, May.
    20. Lybbert, Travis J. & Zolas, Nikolas J., 2014. "Getting patents and economic data to speak to each other: An ‘Algorithmic Links with Probabilities’ approach for joint analyses of patenting and economic activity," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 530-542.
    21. Bernadette Biatour, 2011. "Working Paper 10-11 - Estimation of inter-industry domestic and international R&D stocks for Belgium," Working Papers 1110, Federal Planning Bureau, Belgium.
    22. Raphael Anton Auer & Philip Ulrich Sauré, 2011. "Spatial Competition in Quality, Demand-Induced Innovation, and Schumpeterian Growth," Working Papers 2011-10, Swiss National Bank.
    23. Carole Chevallier & Arnaud Fougeyrollas & Pierre Le Mouël & Paul Zagamé, 2006. "A Time to Sow, A Time to Reap for the European countries: A Macro-Econometric Glance at the RTD National Action Plans," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 97(5), pages 235-257.
    24. Serkan Atmaca, 2011. "Patents from the Academe: A Methodology Research for the Analysis of University Patents and Preliminary Findings for Turkey," STPS Working Papers 1101, STPS - Science and Technology Policy Studies Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Dec 2011.
    25. Deng, Yi, 2006. "Trade Balance of Patent Rights: Who Gains What from International Patent Harmonization, and Why?," Departmental Working Papers 0519, Southern Methodist University, Department of Economics, revised Nov 2006.

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