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The Renewal of the Old Economy: An International Comparative Perspective

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  • Bart van Ark

Abstract

This paper presents international comparisons of the contribution of information and communication technology (ICT) to output and productivity growth during the 1990s. It makes a distinction between ICT-producing manufacturing and service industries, intensive ICT-using manufacturing and service industries and the rest of the economy (the “non-ICT” sector). The paper presents measures of the contributions of each sector to growth and acceleration of growth in output, employment and labour productivity for ten major OECD countries during the 1990s. The main findings are that the productivity growth differentials between the United States and most European countries are partly explained by a larger and more productive ICT-producing sector in the United States, but also by bigger productivity contributions from ICT-using industries and services in the United States. The main reason for the productivity deceleration in most European countries is due to the under performance of the ... Le renouvellement de l'ancienne économie : Une étude comparative internationale Ce rapport présente des comparaisons internationales concernant la contribution des technologies de l’information et des communications (TIC) à la croissance de la production et de la productivité au cours des années 90. Il opère une distinction entre les branches manufacturières et de services produisant des TIC, les branches manufacturières et de services utilisant de façon intensive les TIC et le reste de l’économie (le secteur « hors TIC »). On y trouvera des mesures de la contribution apportée par chaque secteur à la croissance ainsi qu’à l’accélération de la croissance de la production, de l’emploi et de la productivité du travail dans dix grands pays de l’OCDE durant les années 90. La principale conclusion qui se dégage de l’étude est que les écarts de progression de la productivité entre les Etats-Unis et la plupart des pays européens s’expliquent en partie par l’existence aux Etats-Unis d’un secteur producteur de TIC plus grand et plus productif, mais aussi par l’apport plus ...

Suggested Citation

  • Bart van Ark, 2001. "The Renewal of the Old Economy: An International Comparative Perspective," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2001/5, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2001/5-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/844262803138
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