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Globalisation and Competitiveness: Relevant Indicators


  • Thomas Hatzichronoglou


The economy’s entry into its globalisation phase has radically altered the nature of competition. Now, numerous new actors from every market in the world (see section 1 and summary table) are simultaneously in competition on every market. This new competition has accentuated the interdependence of the different levels of globalisation (trade in goods and services, direct investment, technology transfers, capital movements), with direct investment becoming a central factor in the process of industrial restructuring and the development of genuine world industries.To contend with the challenges of globalisation, firms have altered their strategies, strengthening the activities in which they were in a dominant position (refocusing), seeking to achieve critical size and attaching priority to external growth (mergers and acquisitions). At the same time, they have multiplied the number of co-operation agreements and alliances and changed their internal organisation. Globalisation has ... Globalisation and compétitivé : Indicateurs pertinents L’entrée de l’économie dans sa phase de globalisation a radicalement modifié la nature de la concurrence. Désormais sur chaque marché sont en compétition simultanée de nombreux et nouveaux acteurs en provenance de tous les marchés du monde (voir section 1 et tableau récapitulatif). Cette nouvelle concurrence a accentué l’interdépendance des différents niveaux de mondialisation (commerce de produits et des services, investissements directs, transferts technologiques, mouvements de capitaux) où l’investissement direct est devenu un facteur central dans le processus de restructuration industrielle et au développement d’industries véritablement mondiales.Face aux défis de la globalisation, les firmes ont modifié leur stratégie en renforçant les activités sur lesquelles elles étaient en position dominante (recentrage), en cherchant la taille critique et en donnant la priorité à la croissance externe (fusions - acquisitions). Parallèlement elles ont multiplié les accords de coopération ...

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Hatzichronoglou, 1996. "Globalisation and Competitiveness: Relevant Indicators," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 1996/5, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:1996/5-en
    DOI: 10.1787/885511061376

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    1. Małgorzata Juchniewicz & Katarzyna Łukiewska, 2021. "Diversity of the international competitive performance of the food industry of the European Union member states," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 37(2), pages 422-437, April.
    2. Valentina Diana Rusu & Adina Dornean, 2019. "The Quality of Entrepreneurial Activity and Economic Competitiveness in European Union Countries: A Panel Data Approach," Administrative Sciences, MDPI, vol. 9(2), pages 1-21, April.
    3. Andrius Zuoza & Vaida Pilinkienė, 2021. "Energy Efficiency and Carbon Emission Impact on Competitiveness in the European Energy Intensive Industries," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(15), pages 1-16, August.
    4. Gonchigsumlaa, Ganzorig & von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan & Soninkhishig, Nergui & Buerkert, Andreas, 2019. "Competitiveness of sea buckthorn farming in Mongolia: A policy analysis matrix," MPRA Paper 109876, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Apr 2020.
    5. Vitezić Vanja & Srhoj Stjepan & Perić Marko, 2018. "Investigating Industry Dynamics in a Recessionary Transition Economy," South East European Journal of Economics and Business, Sciendo, vol. 13(1), pages 43-67, June.
    6. Shu-Yi Chi & Tsorng-Chyi Hwang & Li-Hsien Chien, 2023. "Business Policy and Competitiveness of Farmers’ Organizations—Empirical Evidence from Taiwan," Agriculture, MDPI, vol. 13(3), pages 1-17, February.
    7. Joseph Misati Akuma, 2014. "Social Protection for Orphaned and Vulnerable Children in Kenya: Initiatives, Opportunities and Challenges," European Journal of Social Sciences Education and Research Articles, Revistia Research and Publishing, vol. 1, September.
    8. Anna Nowak & Monika Rozanska-Boczula & Artur Krukowski, 2020. "Competitiveness of Agriculture in New Member States of the European Union," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(Special 1), pages 160-175.
    9. Julia Woerz, 2008. "Austria's Competitiveness in Trade in Services," FIW Research Reports series I-003, FIW.
    10. Juchniewicz Małgorzata & Łada Magdalena, 2022. "Competitive potential vs. the competitive position of the high-tech sector in European Union countries," International Journal of Management and Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, Collegium of World Economy, vol. 58(4), pages 371-380, December.
    11. de Magistris, Tiziana & Gracia, Azucena, 2008. "Co-operation and economic relationship as determinants for competitiveness in the food sector: the Spanish wheat to bread chain," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 44066, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    12. Lengyel, Imre, 2000. "A regionális versenyképességről [Regional competitiveness]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(12), pages 962-987.
    13. Joanna Antczak & Izabela Horzela & Aneta Nowakowska-Krystman, 2021. "Influence of Financial Liquidity on the Competitiveness of Defense Industry Enterprises," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(2), pages 257-273.
    14. Péter Asztalos & Gábor Horváth & Štefan Krakovský & Tamás Tóth, 2017. "Resolving Conflicts in Measuring Banking System Competitiveness – MNB Banking System Competitiveness Index," Financial and Economic Review, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 16(3), pages 5-31.
    15. S. Montresor, 1998. "Techno-Globalism and Techno-Nationalism: an Interpretative Framework," Working Papers 330, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    16. Némethné Gál, Andrea, 2010. "A kis- és középvállalatok versenyképessége - egy lehetséges elemzési keretrendszer [The competitiveness of small and medium-sized firms - a possible analytical framework]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(2), pages 181-193.
    17. Anastasia Nikoli & Fotini Zigouri, 2011. "Regional identities and competitiveness in a globalised environment: New challenges for Greek regions," ERSA conference papers ersa11p897, European Regional Science Association.
    18. Peng Bin, 2009. "Enhancing Export Competitiveness through Trade Facilitation in Asia," STUDIES IN TRADE AND INVESTMENT, in: United Nations Economic & Social Commission for Asia & the Pacific (ESCAP) (ed.), Impact of Trade Facilitation on Export Competitiveness: a Regional Perspective, volume 66, chapter 1, pages 1-17, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
    19. Borys Volodymyrovich Burkynskyi & Alexei Borisovich Alyokhin & Anna Bogdanovna Brutman & Zoia Nikolaevna Sokolovska & Nina Ippolytivna Khumarova, 2019. "Competitiveness and Related Concepts: A Logical Approach to Definition," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 4, pages 18-44.
    20. Godin, Benoit, 2004. "The obsession for competitiveness and its impact on statistics: the construction of high-technology indicators," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1217-1229, October.
    21. Sarker, Rakhal & Ratnesena, Shashini, 2014. "Revealed Comparative Advantage and Half-A-Century Competitiveness of Canadian Agriculture: A Case Study of Wheat, Beef and Pork Sectors," Working Papers 165675, Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network.
    22. Foders, Federico & Vogelsang, Manuel Molina, 2014. "Why is Germany's manufacturing industry so competitive?," Kiel Policy Brief 69, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel).
    23. Bachev, Hrabrin & Koteva, Nina & Ivanov, Bojidar & Mitova, Dilyana & Boevski, Ivan & Terziev, Dimitar & Dimova, Nadejda & Dimitrova, Reneta & Marinov, Petar & Zvyatkova, Daniela & Sarov, Angel & Koste, 2021. "Холистичен Подход За Дефиниране, Оценяване И Подобряване На Конкурентоспособността На Земеделските Стопанства В България [A holistic framework for defining, evaluating, and improving the competitiv," MPRA Paper 111498, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    24. Macedo, Anthony & Rebelo, João & Gouveia, Sofia, 2019. "Export propensity and intensity in the wine industry: a fractional econometric approach," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), vol. 8(3), December.
    25. Oana Cristina Popovici & Raluca Elena Hurduzeu (Rotariu), 2015. "Dissonance And Consonance Between The Competitiveness Of Organizations And The Regional Competitiveness," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 4, pages 106-113, August.

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