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Embodied Technology Diffusion: An Empirical Analysis for 10 OECD Countries

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  • George Papaconstantinou
  • Norihisa Sakurai
  • Andrew Wyckoff

Abstract

This paper examines the process of embodied technology diffusion in 10 OECD countries with the help of a methodology whereby the purchases of intermediate and capital goods act as carriers of technology across industries and countries. In terms of supply and demand of technology, it establishes that while innovations are developed mainly in a cluster of high technology manufacturing industries, a different cluster of industries in the services sector are the main acquirers of technologically sophisticated machinery and equipment. R&D performance is more concentrated (the top 5 industries account for between 60-80% of total) than technology use (the top 5 user industries account in most countries for 40-50% of total). In terms of the channels of technology diffusion, the share of technology obtained through capital investment is less than 50% of total acquired technology for every country, with the US leading in the diffusion of technology through capital investment. Imports are also an ... Ce document examine le processus de diffusion de la technologie incorporée dans 10 pays de l’OCDE, à l’aide d’une méthode voulant que les achats de biens intermédiaires et de biens d’équipement constituent le vecteur des transferts de technologies entre branches et entre pays. Sur le plan de l’offre et de la demande de technologie, il en résulte que les innovations sont le fait principalement d’un groupe d’industries manufacturières de haute technologie, et que les principaux acquéreurs de machines et équipements technologiquement complexes appartiennent à un autre groupe d’industries, du secteur des services. La production de R-D est donc plus concentrée (le quintile supérieur représentant 60 à 80 % du total) que l’utilisation des technologies (dont 40 à 50 % sont imputables aux 5 premières industries utilisatrices dans la plupart des pays). Pour ce qui est des canaux de diffusion, moins de 50 % des technologies acquises dans chaque pays proviennent d’un investissement en ...

Suggested Citation

  • George Papaconstantinou & Norihisa Sakurai & Andrew Wyckoff, 1996. "Embodied Technology Diffusion: An Empirical Analysis for 10 OECD Countries," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 1996/1, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:1996/1-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/686654085563
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    1. repec:dgr:rugggd:199944 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Bart Van Ark & Jakob De Haan, 2000. "The Delta-Model Revisited: Recent trends in the structural performance of the Dutch economy," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(3), pages 307-321.
    3. Gernot Hutschenreiter & Serguei Kaniovski, 1999. "Austria's Technology Flows," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 72(6), pages 419-433, June.
    4. repec:eee:jfpoli:v:73:y:2017:i:c:p:19-33 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Andrey Gnidchenko & Anastasia Mogilat & Olga Mikheeva & Vladimir Salnikov, 2016. "Foreign Technology Transfer: An Assessment of Russia’s Economic Dependence on High-Tech Imports," Foresight-Russia Форсайт, CyberLeninka;Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования «Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики», vol. 10(1 (eng)), pages 53-67.
    6. Christoph Meister & Bart Verspagen & Guntram B. Wolff, 2006. "European Productivity Gaps: Is R&D the Solution?," Chapters,in: Competitiveness and Growth in Europe, chapter 8 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    7. Evangelista, Rinaldo & Lucchese, Matteo & Meliciani, Valentina, 2013. "Business services, innovation and sectoral growth," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 119-132.
    8. Sandro Montresor & Giuseppe Vittucci Marzetti, 2008. "Innovation Clusters in Technological Systems: A Network Analysis of 15 OECD Countries for the Mid-1990s," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(3), pages 321-346.
    9. Gernot Hutschenreiter & Serguei Kaniovski, 1999. "Technology Flows in the Austrian Economy," Austrian Economic Quarterly, WIFO, vol. 4(3), pages 181-194, July.
    10. Baldwin, John R. & Beckstead, Desmond & Gellatly, Guy, 2005. "Canada's Investments in Science and Innovation: Is the Existing Concept of Research and Development Sufficient?," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2005032e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    11. Luísa Carvalho & Teresa Costa & Jorge Caiado, 2013. "Determinants of innovation in a small open economy: a multidimensional perspective," Journal of Business Economics and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(3), pages 583-600, June.
    12. Godin, Benoit, 2004. "The obsession for competitiveness and its impact on statistics: the construction of high-technology indicators," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1217-1229, October.
    13. Papaconstantinou, G. & Sakurai, N. & Wyckoff, A., 1998. "Domestic and international product-embodied R&D diffusion," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 301-314, July.
    14. Andersen, Poul Houman, 1999. "Organizing international technological collaboration in subcontractor relationships: an investigation of the knowledge-stickiness problem," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 625-642, August.

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