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Embodied Technology Diffusion: An Empirical Analysis for 10 OECD Countries

  • George Papaconstantinou
  • Norihisa Sakurai
  • Andrew Wyckoff
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    This paper examines the process of embodied technology diffusion in 10 OECD countries with the help of a methodology whereby the purchases of intermediate and capital goods act as carriers of technology across industries and countries. In terms of supply and demand of technology, it establishes that while innovations are developed mainly in a cluster of high technology manufacturing industries, a different cluster of industries in the services sector are the main acquirers of technologically sophisticated machinery and equipment. R&D performance is more concentrated (the top 5 industries account for between 60-80% of total) than technology use (the top 5 user industries account in most countries for 40-50% of total). In terms of the channels of technology diffusion, the share of technology obtained through capital investment is less than 50% of total acquired technology for every country, with the US leading in the diffusion of technology through capital investment. Imports are also an ... Ce document examine le processus de diffusion de la technologie incorporée dans 10 pays de l’OCDE, à l’aide d’une méthode voulant que les achats de biens intermédiaires et de biens d’équipement constituent le vecteur des transferts de technologies entre branches et entre pays. Sur le plan de l’offre et de la demande de technologie, il en résulte que les innovations sont le fait principalement d’un groupe d’industries manufacturières de haute technologie, et que les principaux acquéreurs de machines et équipements technologiquement complexes appartiennent à un autre groupe d’industries, du secteur des services. La production de R-D est donc plus concentrée (le quintile supérieur représentant 60 à 80 % du total) que l’utilisation des technologies (dont 40 à 50 % sont imputables aux 5 premières industries utilisatrices dans la plupart des pays). Pour ce qui est des canaux de diffusion, moins de 50 % des technologies acquises dans chaque pays proviennent d’un investissement en ...

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers with number 1996/1.

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    Date of creation: 1996
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:1996/1-en
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