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Globalisation in Services: From Measurement to Analysis

Listed author(s):
  • Isabelle Bensidoun

    (CEPII, Paris)

  • Deniz Ünal-Kesenci

    (CEPII, Paris)

This paper provides new estimates of international trade in services for mode 3 (foreign affiliates' sales in a host country) for four major OECD countries, thanks to the harmonisation of FATS statistics with conventional international trade ones (trade recorded in the balances of payments - modes 1 and 2), using the CEPII's exhaustive CHELEM-BAL database. The results show that sales by foreign affiliates abroad account for the bulk of international trade in services. Technological changes are speeding up the globalisation of the tertiary sector. These new areas of trade are still dominated by the Northern countries, whose service surpluses offset some of their declining competitiveness in manufacturing markets. Grâce à une mise en cohérence des statistiques FATS (ventes des filiales d'entreprises étrangères dans un pays d'accueil) et de celles du commerce international stricto sensu (échanges inscrits dans les balances des paiements, modes 1 et 2), cette étude propose des estimations inédites, pour quatre grands pays de l'OCDE, des échanges internationaux de services par modes de fourniture. Les résultats montrent que les ventes des filiales à l'étranger constituent la majeure partie des échanges de services, et ce en dépit des progrès technologiques qui ont levé la contrainte posée par la distance au commerce de nombreux services aux entreprises. Ces derniers, par leur dynamisme, ont profondément modifié le visage de la mondialisation dans le tertiaire. Les pays du Nord sont, pour le moment, les principaux acteurs sur ces marchés où ils compensent en partie l'érosion de leur compétitivité dans le secteur manufacturier.

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Statistics Working Papers with number 2008/3.

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Date of creation: 12 Feb 2008
Handle: RePEc:oec:stdaaa:2008/3-en
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