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Globalisation in Services: From Measurement to Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Isabelle Bensidoun

    (CEPII, Paris)

  • Deniz Ünal-Kesenci

    (CEPII, Paris)

Abstract

This paper provides new estimates of international trade in services for mode 3 (foreign affiliates' sales in a host country) for four major OECD countries, thanks to the harmonisation of FATS statistics with conventional international trade ones (trade recorded in the balances of payments - modes 1 and 2), using the CEPII's exhaustive CHELEM-BAL database. The results show that sales by foreign affiliates abroad account for the bulk of international trade in services. Technological changes are speeding up the globalisation of the tertiary sector. These new areas of trade are still dominated by the Northern countries, whose service surpluses offset some of their declining competitiveness in manufacturing markets. Grâce à une mise en cohérence des statistiques FATS (ventes des filiales d'entreprises étrangères dans un pays d'accueil) et de celles du commerce international stricto sensu (échanges inscrits dans les balances des paiements, modes 1 et 2), cette étude propose des estimations inédites, pour quatre grands pays de l'OCDE, des échanges internationaux de services par modes de fourniture. Les résultats montrent que les ventes des filiales à l'étranger constituent la majeure partie des échanges de services, et ce en dépit des progrès technologiques qui ont levé la contrainte posée par la distance au commerce de nombreux services aux entreprises. Ces derniers, par leur dynamisme, ont profondément modifié le visage de la mondialisation dans le tertiaire. Les pays du Nord sont, pour le moment, les principaux acteurs sur ces marchés où ils compensent en partie l'érosion de leur compétitivité dans le secteur manufacturier.

Suggested Citation

  • Isabelle Bensidoun & Deniz Ünal-Kesenci, 2008. "Globalisation in Services: From Measurement to Analysis," OECD Statistics Working Papers 2008/3, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:stdaaa:2008/3-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/243156015316
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Guillaume Gaulier & Emmanuel Milet & Daniel Mirza, 2010. "Les firmes françaises dans le commerce international de services," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 435(1), pages 125-147.
    2. Li, Chunding & Whalley, John & Chen, Yan, 2015. "Foreign affiliate sales and the measurement of trade in both goods and services," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 394-405.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    FATS; international trade; services; specialisation;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L80 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - General

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