IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Importance du prix du pétrole dans le prix du transport de marchandises

Listed author(s):
  • Tristan Chevroulet

    (University of California)

Registered author(s):

    Le pétrole fournit la quasi-totalité du carburant pour les transports. Or le prix du pétrole brut (FOB-Free on board) ne constitue pour l’instant qu’une petite partie des coûts du transport, moins du cinquième. Les quatre cinquièmes des coûts du transport proviennent des frais d’exploitation, des salaires et de la fiscalité. Néanmoins, si la raréfaction du pétrole venait à faire exploser les coûts du carburant, elle produirait des effets négatifs forts. Une multiplication par 8 du prix du pétrole (par rapport à 2007) doublerait le coût des transports de marchandises. Toutefois la hausse de coûts serait suffisamment uniforme pour que les exploitants puissent les répercuter sur les clients sans que la concurrence ne soit profondément modifiée. Les petits exploitants ne pouvant pas s’organiser pour optimiser les chargements et les itinéraires seraient les plus menacés. La mobilité des personnes serait par contre très touchée sur deux aspects : la voiture particulière et l’aviation. Le cas de l’aviation est bien connu (surtaxes kérosène), par contre le problème du transport individuel –qui consomme environ la même quantité de carburant que l’aviation par passager et par kilomètre- risque d’aboutir à une société où seuls les citoyens les plus aisés restent réellement mobiles. Importance of Oil Price in Freight Transport Costs Oil is the main component of transport fuel. As for now, however, crude oil price (FOB-Free on board) accounts for less than a fifth of transport costs. Operating costs, wages and taxes cause the remaining four fifths. Nevertheless, oil scarcity may raise fuel costs to such a level that transport companies and citizen may suffer significant adverse impacts. A multiplication by 8 of the price of oil (compared to 2007) would double road transport cost. Yet, the rise would be global, which would enable operators to shift the cost to their clients without suffering changes in competition. Still, small operators that would not be in a position to optimize truck loads and routes would be threatened. Major oil price rise would mainly affect two aspects of mobility: aviation and private motoring. Air companies have added a special oil charge to ticket cost while changes in private motoring, which uses approximately as much fuel as air per passenger – kilometre, may lead to a situation where only the wealthiest citizens may keep driving.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD/ITF Joint Transport Research Centre Discussion Papers with number 2008/4.

    in new window

    Date of creation: 01 Jan 2008
    Handle: RePEc:oec:itfaaa:2008/4-fr
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16

    Phone: 33-(0)-1-45 24 82 00
    Fax: 33-(0)-1-45 24 85 00
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:itfaaa:2008/4-fr. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.