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The Supply of Physician Services in OECD Countries

  • Steven Simoens
  • Jeremy Hurst
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    The delivery of an appropriate quantity and quality of health care in an efficient way requires, among other things, matching the supply with the demand for the services of physicians, over time. Such matching has led to very different levels of physicians per million population across OECD countries – because of variations, among other things, in: morbidity and mortality, health expenditure as a share of GDP and the design of health systems. In addition, there are signs that a higher density of physicians is found in countries which have left the supply of physicians mainly to the market whereas lower density is found in countries which have planned the intake to medical schools centrally over many years... Pour qu'un système de santé puisse assurer de façon efficace un niveau de soins satisfaisant, en quantité comme en qualité, il faut, entre autres choses, que l'offre et la demande de médecins parviennent à s'équilibrer. De ce point de vue, et si l'on en juge d'après le nombre de médecins par million d'habitants, les pays de l'OCDE affichent une grande diversité, pour des raisons qui tiennent notamment à des différences dans les taux de morbidité et de mortalité, les dépenses de santé en proportion du PIB et la conception des systèmes de santé. En outre, il semble que la densité médicale soit plus élevée dans les pays qui ont pour l'essentiel laissé au marché le soin de réguler l'offre de médecins, et moins élevée dans ceux où l'accès aux études de médecine a longtemps été encadré à l'échelon national...

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/608402211700
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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Health Working Papers with number 21.

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    Date of creation: 16 Jan 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaad:21-en
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