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Dans quelle mesure la taille des classes varie-t-elle d'un pays à l'autre ?

  • OCDE
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    Dans les pays de l’OCDE, la taille moyenne des classes dans le premier cycle de l’enseignement secondaire s’établit à 23 élèves. On constate cependant des différences significatives entre les pays, les classes comptant plus de 32 élèves en Corée et au Japon, contre 19 ou moins en Estonie, en Islande, au Luxembourg, au Royaume-Uni et en Slovénie. La taille des classes, conjuguée au temps d’instruction des élèves, au temps d’enseignement des enseignants et au salaire de ces derniers, constitue l’une des variables clés sur lesquelles les décideurs peuvent jouer pour maîtriser les dépenses d’enseignement. Entre 2000 et 2009, de nombreux pays ont consenti des investissements plus élevés pour diminuer la taille des classes ; or la performance des élèves ne s’est améliorée que dans un petit nombre d’entre eux. La réduction de la taille des classes ne saurait, à elle seule, suffire à améliorer la performance des systèmes d’éducation. Cette mesure est également moins efficace que ne l’est l’amélioration de la qualité de l’enseignement.

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series Les indicateurs de l'éducation à la loupe with number 9.

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    Date of creation: Nov 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:eduaag:9-fr
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