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A Framework for Assessing Green Growth Policies

Listed author(s):
  • Alain de Serres


  • Fabrice Murtin


  • Giuseppe Nicoletti


This paper proposes an analytical framework for assessing policies that will contribute to a better integration of environmental externalities in the pursuit of economic efficiency and growth objectives. The framework consists of two parts. The first part lays out principles and criteria for the identification and selection of policies that will benefit both income and the environment or that will boost income at the least cost in terms of the environment (and vice-versa). In general putting a price on a pollution source or on the over-exploitation of a scarce resource is found to be the most efficient single policy to address many environment externalities. However, given that environmental damage often result from several interacting market failures, an appropriate policy response will in many cases involve a mix of complementary instruments. The second part focuses more on issues of structural adjustment related to the transition towards a greener economy. It finds that green growth policies could lead to significant re-allocation of resources within and across broad economic sectors. A policy framework facilitating the re-deployment of labour across firms and sectors, as well as the entry of new firms and the exit of firms in declining industries will thus be important in order for countries to seize the opportunities brought about by green growth policies. Un cadre d'analyse pour évaluer les politiques de la croissance verte Cette étude propose un cadre d’analyse pour évaluer les politiques pouvant contribuer à une meilleure intégration des externalités environnementales dans la poursuite d’objectifs d’efficience et de croissance économique. Le cadre suggéré comporte deux volets. Le premier établit un certain nombre de critères et principes permettant l’identification et le choix de politique qui soient bénéfiques à la fois pour le revenu et l’environnement, ainsi que celles pouvant stimuler la croissance des revenus au moindre coût en termes de qualité de l’environnement (et inversement). De manière générale, la politique la plus efficace en ellemême pour prendre en compte diverses externalités environnementales consiste à mettre un prix à l’émission de pollution ou la sur-exploitation d’une ressource naturelle. Toutefois, dans la mesure où les dommages environnementaux résultent dans bien des cas de l’interaction de plusieurs défaillances de marché, la réponse la mieux adaptée aux circonstances comportera généralement plusieurs instruments de politiques. Le deuxième volet explore les questions d’ajustement structurel que pose la transition vers une économie plus verte. Pour tirer parti des possibilités offertes par une éventuelle restructuration, les politiques facilitant l’entrée de nouvelles firmes et la sortie de firmes dans les secteurs en déclin joueront un rôle important.

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 774.

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Date of creation: 07 Jun 2010
Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:774-en
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