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Reaping the Benefits of Stronger Competition in Network Industries in Germany

  • Nicola Brandt

The potential to strengthen productivity growth and enhance consumer welfare through more competition is large in the energy and railway sectors. Establishing stronger vertical separation between network access provision and potentially competitive services will be the main challenge for Germany going forward. In particular, it will be a crucial point in designing the envisaged privatisation of state stakes in the railway sector market incumbent Deutsche Bahn AG. In the energy sector, concentration in the wholesale market is another crucial issue that Germany will need to tackle, including by fostering market integration with neighbouring countries as well as market entry of newcomers. A more systematic approach to tendering unprofitable transport services will be key in the railway sector. This Working Paper relates to the 2008 Economic Survey of Germany (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/germany). Récolter les fruits de l'accroissement de la concurrence dans les industries de réseau L'accroissement de la concurrence présente dans les secteurs énergétique et ferroviaire un fort potentiel de croissance accrue de la productivité et du bien-être des consommateurs. Le principal défi que doit relever l'Allemagne dans un proche avenir est l'affirmation plus marquée d'une séparation verticale entre les services d'accès aux réseaux et les services potentiellement concurrentiels. Il sera en particulier crucial de préparer la privatisation envisagée par l'État des participations qu'il détient dans Deutsche Bahn AG, opérateur historique du secteur ferroviaire. Dans le secteur de l'énergie, la concentration du marché de gros est un autre point essentiel que l'Allemagne devra traiter, notamment en favorisant l'intégration du marché avec les pays voisins et l'entrée de nouveaux acteurs. Dans le rail, il sera essentiel d'opter pour le recours plus systématique à des appels d'offres en matière de services de transport non rentables. Ce document de travail se rapporte à l’Étude économique de l’Allemagne 2008 (www.oecd.org/eco/etudes/allemagne).

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 622.

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Date of creation: 05 Aug 2008
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:622-en
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