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Entry, Exit, and Aggregate Productivity Growth: Micro Evidence on Korean Manufacturing

  • Chin Hee Hahn
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    Using plant level panel data on Korean manufacturing during the 1990-98 period, this study tries to assess the role of entry and exit in enhancing aggregate productivity, both qualitatively and quantitatively. The main findings of this study are summarised as follows. First, plant entry and exit rates in Korean manufacturing seem quite high: they are higher than in both the United States and several developing countries for which comparable studies exist. Second, in line with existing studies on other countries, plant turnover reflects underlying productivity differentials in Korean manufacturing, with the “shadow of death” effect as well as selection and learning effects all present. Third, plant entry and exit account for as much as 45 and 65 per cent in manufacturing productivity growth during cyclical upturn and downturn, respectively. This study also shows that plant birth and death are mainly a process of resource reallocation from plants with relatively low and declining ... Cette étude essaie de déterminer le rôle des entrées et sorties des firmes dans l’amélioration de la productivité globale, à la fois qualitativement et quantitativement, en utilisant des données de panel dans le secteur manufacturier coréen au niveau des installations industrielles durant la période 1990-98. Les conclusions de l’étude se résument comme suit : premièrement, les taux des entrées et sorties des firmes au niveau des installations dans le secteur manufacturier coréen semblent assez élevés. Ils sont plus élevés qu’aux États-Unis et dans plusieurs pays en voie de développement pour lesquels des études comparables existent. Deuxièmement, en accord avec des études existantes sur d’autres pays, la dynamique industrielle est le produit des différentiels de productivité sous-jacents dans le secteur manufacturier coréen ; l’effet “ombre de la mort” ainsi que les effets de sélection et d’apprentissage sont également présents. Troisièmement, les entrées et sorties représentent jusqu’à 45 et 65 pour cent de la croissance de la productivité manufacturière, respectivement, au ...

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/656402673613
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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 272.

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    Date of creation: 13 Dec 2000
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:272-en
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