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Labour Market Performance by Age Groups: A Focus on France


  • Hervé Boulhol


  • Patrizio Sicari



This paper analyses the age structure of employment rates across OECD countries with a focus on France. The statistical contribution of each age group to total unemployment-rate differentials is also computed. An estimate of the sensitivity of age-specific unemployment rates to the economic cycle is provided for OECD countries. France is one of the OECD countries having the highest dispersion of employment rates across age groups. The “within” component of the 15-29 age group accounts for over half of France’s total unemployment rate differential with best-performing countries. Youth unemployment rate is especially sensitive to cyclical fluctuations in Spain, Belgium and France. Performances du marché du travail par groupes d'âge : La France en point de mire Cette étude propose une analyse comparée entre pays de l’OCDE de la structure par âge des taux d’emplois. La contribution statistique de chaque groupe d’âge aux écarts totaux de taux de chômage est également calculée. La sensibilité au cycle économique des taux de chômage par classe d’âge est estimée pour les pays de l’OCDE. La France est un des pays de l’OCDE ayant la plus grande dispersion des taux d’emplois par âge. La composante « within » du groupe des 15-29 ans contribue à plus de la moitié de l’écart de taux de chômage total avec les pays les plus performants. Le taux de chômage des jeunes est particulièrement sensible aux variations cycliques en Espagne, en Belgique et en France.

Suggested Citation

  • Hervé Boulhol & Patrizio Sicari, 2013. "Labour Market Performance by Age Groups: A Focus on France," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1027, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1027-en
    DOI: 10.1787/5k4c0dnhc58x-en

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    Cited by:

    1. T. V. Blinova & V. A. Rusanovskii & V. A. Markov, 2021. "Estimating the Impact of Economic Fluctuations on Unemployment in Russian Regions Based on the Okun Model," Studies on Russian Economic Development, Springer, vol. 32(1), pages 103-110, January.

    More about this item


    age; chômage; emploi; employment; France; France; jeunes; loi d’Okun; Okun’s Law; unemployment; youth; âge;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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