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What Can Developing Countries Learn from OECD Labour Market Programmes and Policies?

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  • Åsa Sohlman
  • David Turnham

Abstract

Many OECD Member countries and a large number of the developing countries are suffering from extensive unemployment, both in short and long-term forms. Based on a five-part schema of labour market problems, this paper summarises and evaluates the effectiveness of labour market policies and programmes in the OECD countries and assesses the relevance of the experience to economies in transition, dynamic non-Member economies and developing countries in general. The overall conclusion is that such policies have not proven very effective in dealing with the most pressing problems in most types of economy (the dynamic non- Member economies being the main exception), that is, high and persistent unemployment, both short term and long term. Nevertheless, there are a variety of active labour market policies which are of help with some other types of problem. In general, the developing countries would be well advised not to invest too heavily in socalled passive measures; thus, a social ... Plusieurs pays Membres de l'OCDE et un grand nombre de pays en développement souffrent d'un taux de chômage considérable, tant à court qu'à long terme. A partir d'un plan présenté en cinq parties et traitant des problèmes du marché du travail, ce document résume et évalue l'efficacité des politiques et programmes consacrés à l'emploi dans les pays Membres de l'OCDE et envisage l'applicabilité de l'expérience aux économies en transition, aux économies dynamiques non membres et aux pays en développement dans leur ensemble. La conclusion montre que dans la plupart des économies, de telles politiques n'ont pas été très efficaces pour répondre aux problèmes les plus aigus, c'est-à-dire, un chômage élevé et persistant, tant à court qu'à long terme (les économies dynamiques non membres constituant la principale exception). Néanmoins, il existe diverses mesures de relance de l'emploi valables pour d'autres types de problèmes. D'une manière générale, il serait souhaitable que les pays en ...

Suggested Citation

  • Åsa Sohlman & David Turnham, 1994. "What Can Developing Countries Learn from OECD Labour Market Programmes and Policies?," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 93, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:93-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/570121553883
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hall, Robert E, 1978. "Stochastic Implications of the Life Cycle-Permanent Income Hypothesis: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(6), pages 971-987, December.
    2. W. Max Corden, 1988. "Debt Relief and Adjustment Incentives," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 35(4), pages 628-643, December.
    3. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1989. "Developing Country Debt and Economic Performance. The International Financial System," NBER Chapters,in: Developing Country Debt and Economic Performance, Volume 1: The International Financial System, pages -12 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Alain Ize & Guillermo Ortiz, 1987. "Fiscal Rigidities, Public Debt, and Capital Flight," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(2), pages 311-332, June.
    5. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1989. "Introduction to "Developing Country Debt and the World Economy"," NBER Chapters,in: Developing Country Debt and the World Economy, pages 1-34 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1989. "Developing Country Debt and the World Economy," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number sach89-3.
    7. Philippe Callier, 1989. "Debt Relief and Adjustment Incentives in a Financially Open Economy: Comment on Corden," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 36(2), pages 514-522, June.
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