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China as a Leading Pacific Economy

Listed author(s):
  • Kiichiro Fukasaku
  • Mingyuan Wu

China is emerging as a leading Pacific economy in the 1990s. This paper examines the implications of China's entry into the world market for the OECD countries as well as for the regional economies of Asia and the Pacific. It argues that the shares of Asian countries in the OECD countries' market cannot increase without bound, as China and its neighbouring developing economies have basically similar export profiles, competing with each other for market shares for similar products. China's coastal strategy has led to the emergence of a "greater China", encompassing China, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Growing trade and investment flows between China and Taiwan via Hong Kong since the mid-1980s can be understood as components of "catching-up" processes, described by some trade economists as the "flying-geese" pattern of trade development. In short, China's entry into the world market is a "positive sum" game, as it provides new market opportunities for both OECD countries and Asian NIEs. In ... Au cours des années 90, la Chine va devenir l'une des économies majeures de la zone Pacifique. Son entrée sur le marché mondial et les conséquences de cette percée pour les pays de l'OCDE, comme pour les économies situées dans les régions de l'Asie et du Pacifique, sont analysées dans ce document. Selon cette analyse, les parts de marché des pays asiatiques dans les pays de l'OCDE ne peuvent augmenter indéfiniment car la Chine et les économies en développement limitrophes se caractérisent par des exportations identiques et sont en concurrence afin d'obtenir des parts de marché pour des produits similaires. La stratégie dite côtière de la Chine a donné naissance à une "Grande Chine" qui englobe la Chine elle-même, Hong Kong et Taiwan. Au milieu des années 80 les échanges et les flux d'investissement accrus entre la Chine et Taiwan, via Hong Kong, ont commencé à être interprétés comme les éléments du processus "de rattrapage" décrit par certains spécialistes comme le schéma de développement ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 89.

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Date of creation: 01 Nov 1993
Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:89-en
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