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Striving for International Competitiveness: Lessons from Electronics for Developing Countries


  • Jan Maarten de Vet


Electronics has become critically important in every country's attempt to restructure or build its competitiveness. The developments in electronics have given rise to an industry with an unprecedented growth record in terms of sales and exports, innovative capacity, and spin-off potential for related services. But electronics has also infiltrated into many other industries through the pervasiveness of its application potential. Instead of competing solely on cost, competitive advantage is now often obtained by those who have the (temporary) benefit of having mastered cutting-edge technology. To the fore has come a type of innovation that builds on relations with users, on interaction with suppliers, subcontractors, universities, industry associations, government institutes, and even potential competitors through various kinds of cooperative agreements. Thus, the competitiveness of a firm depends not only on its own strength, but also on the support it receives from the external environment ... Pour chaque pays qui entreprend de restructurer ou de développer sa compétitivité, l'électronique est devenu un secteur essentiel dont l'évolution a donné naissance à une industrie caractérisée par une croissance jamais atteinte en termes de vente et d'exportation, de capacité innovatrice et de prolongements techniques pour les services apparentés. Cependant, du fait de ses multiples possibilités d'application, l'électronique a également touché de nombreuses autres industries. Au lieu de miser seulement sur la concurrence au niveau des coûts, l'avantage compétitif est maintenant souvent acquis par ceux qui détiennent — temporairement — le privilège de la maîtrise de la production de technologies de pointe. On constate désormais un type d'innovation basé sur les liens avec les consommateurs, les échanges avec les fournisseurs, les sous-traitants, les universités, les associations industrielles, les instituts gouvernementaux et, par le biais de divers accords de coopération, même avec ...

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  • Jan Maarten de Vet, 1993. "Striving for International Competitiveness: Lessons from Electronics for Developing Countries," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 84, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:84-en

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    1. Hall, Robert E, 1978. "Stochastic Implications of the Life Cycle-Permanent Income Hypothesis: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(6), pages 971-987, December.
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    3. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1989. "Developing Country Debt and Economic Performance. The International Financial System," NBER Chapters,in: Developing Country Debt and Economic Performance, Volume 1: The International Financial System, pages -12 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Alain Ize & Guillermo Ortiz, 1987. "Fiscal Rigidities, Public Debt, and Capital Flight," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(2), pages 311-332, June.
    5. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1989. "Introduction to "Developing Country Debt and the World Economy"," NBER Chapters,in: Developing Country Debt and the World Economy, pages 1-34 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1989. "Developing Country Debt and the World Economy," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number sach89-3.
    7. Philippe Callier, 1989. "Debt Relief and Adjustment Incentives in a Financially Open Economy: Comment on Corden," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 36(2), pages 514-522, June.
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