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Small-Scale Industries and Institutional Framework in Thailand (including Statistical Annex)

Author

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  • Naruemol Bunjongjit
  • Xavier Oudin

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a survey of the impact of regulations and taxes on small and micro enterprises, considered here as part of the informal sector, in Thailand. The survey covered a large sample of enterprises (more than 500) in Bangkok and ten other provinces. Three sectors were studied: restaurant stalls, garment manufacturing, metal goods manufacturing. In fact, these are activities in which there are the greatest number of "manufacturing" enterprises in Thailand's urban informal sector. Their study permits a comparison of the behaviour of enterprises active in different markets.The study shows that small enterprises in Thailand are well integrated in the economic development process, especially through subcontracting, and their growth is not particularly hindered by institutional constraints. Moreover, even though small entrepreneurs complain about the attitude of official inspectors, they often accepted the reasons for regulations, for they served to ... Ce document technique présente les résultats d'une enquête sur l'impact des réglementations juridiques et fiscales en Thaïlande sur les petites et micro-entreprises, assimilées ici au secteur informel. L'enquête a porté sur un large échantillon d'entreprises (plus de 500) à Bangkok et dans dix autres provinces. Trois secteurs d'activité ont été étudiés : la préparation et la vente de plats cuisinés, la confection textile et la transformation des métaux. C'est en effet dans ces activités que le secteur informel urbain compte le plus grand nombre d'industries manufacturières en Thaïlande. Leur étude permet de comparer le comportement d'entreprises opérant sur des marchés différents.L'enquête montre que les petites et micro-entreprises thaïlandaises, bien intégrées au processus de développement économique, notamment par le biais de la soustraitance, ne sont pas particulièrement gênées dans leur croissance par les contraintes institutionnelles. En outre, même si les petits ...

Suggested Citation

  • Naruemol Bunjongjit & Xavier Oudin, 1992. "Small-Scale Industries and Institutional Framework in Thailand (including Statistical Annex)," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 81, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:81-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/074416410021
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