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Biotechnology and the Changing Public/Private Sector Balance: Developments in Rice and Cocoa

  • Carliene Brenner
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    This study examines the potential impact of changes in the public/private sector balance for biotechnology development and diffusion in developing country agriculture. It focuses on biotechnology related to two important developing country crops: rice and cocoa. The study highlights the differences in the ways in which research on the two crops is organised, at both national and international level, in the financial and scientific resources devoted to research and in the public and private actors involved. It stresses the need for government intervention in setting national research priorities and for innovative institutional arrangements — including public/private sector collaboration — in situations where public research funding has been reduced or is increasingly scarce ... Ce document analyse les impacts potentiels de l'évolution du rapport entre secteurs public et privé en ce qui concerne le développement et la diffusion de la biotechnologie dans l'agriculture des pays en développement. Il étudie particulièrement l'incidence de la biotechnologie sur deux importantes cultures des pays en développement : le riz et le cacao. Les différences qui caractérisent la recherche sur ces deux cultures tant au niveau national qu'international sur le plan des ressources financières et scientifiques consacrées à la recherche et dans les secteurs public et privé concernés sont soulignées. L'étude insiste sur la nécessité de l'intervention gouvernementale pour définir les priorités nationales en matière de recherche et mettre en place des cadres institutionnels nouveaux — incluant une collaboration entre secteurs public et privé — dans les cas où les fonds publics réservés à la recherche ont été réduits ou sont devenus de plus en plus rares ...

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 72.

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    Date of creation: Jul 1992
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:72-en
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