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Efficiency, Welfare Effects, and Political Feasibility of Alternative Antipoverty and Adjustment Programs

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  • Alain de Janvry
  • Elisabeth Sadoulet

Abstract

This document presents an exploratory contribution to the understanding of the political economy of poverty alleviation. Usually, governmental decisions to apply macroeconomic measures that minimise the negative effects of adjustment on the poor, or to implement programmes specifically aimed at reducing poverty, assume that the majority of the population will support them. While there are many studies on the rationality of public choices, there are very few on the political conditions required for the implementation of anti-poverty programmes. This paper presents an indicator for assessing the political feasibility of such programmes. To take into account the influence weights of each social group, the authors have retained seven elements. Among these are: exercise of economic power, group size and the expectations of gains from the policy.Taking as an example alternative policies in India and Ecuador, the authors show that coalitions comprising a majority of non-poor will ... Ce document présente une première approche à la compréhension du contexte politico-économique dans lequel s'inscrivent les mesures de lutte contre la pauvreté. Habituellement, les décisions gouvernementales concernant l'application de mesures macroéconomiques qui minimisent les effets négatifs de l'ajustement sur les pauvres, ou l'exécution de programmes destinés spécifiquement à diminuer la pauvreté, supposent le soutien de la majorité de la population. Alors qu'il y a beaucoup d'études sur la rationalité des choix publics, il y en a très peu sur les conditions politiques requises pour mener à bien des programmes de lutte contre la pauvreté. Ce document propose un indicateur pour estimer la faisabilité politique de tels programmes. Pour prendre en compte le poids en terme d'influence de chaque groupe social, les auteurs ont retenu sept éléments. Parmi ceux-ci, on compte l'exercice du pouvoir économique, la taille du groupe et les anticipations relatives aux gains à espérer d'une ...

Suggested Citation

  • Alain de Janvry & Elisabeth Sadoulet, 1989. "Efficiency, Welfare Effects, and Political Feasibility of Alternative Antipoverty and Adjustment Programs," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 6, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:6-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/338341746054
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