IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Changing Comparative Advantage in Thai Agriculture

Listed author(s):
  • Ammar Siamwalla
  • Suthad Setboonsarng
  • Prasong Werakarnjanapongs
Registered author(s):

    Two key developments affected Thai agriculture in the last decade: the precipitous decline (until 1988) in world prices for the major agricultural items exported by Thailand, and the decline in the amount of cultivable land available for each agricultural worker. During this same period the Thai economy has experienced a slowdown in the rate of growth of real GDP and an increase in the extent of poverty, the first time this has happened since statistics on poverty became available in 1963. As these economy-wide developments and the adverse changes specific to agriculture coincided, it came to be widely believed that the one is the cause of the other. This paper sets out to examine the validity of this belief, using an applied general equilibrium model (the THAM-2). The simulations indicate that the effect of the agriculture-associated changes on the Thai economy can be quite substantial. Liberalization of rice alone will increase real GDP by 2 to 3 per cent. Had the world ... Au cours de la dernière décennie, deux faits majeurs ont frappé l'agriculture thaïlandaise : d'abord, la chute brutale (jusqu'en 1988) des prix mondiaux qui a touché les principaux produits agricoles exportés par la Thaïlande, ensuite, la diminution de la surface des terres arables par exploitant agricole. Pendant cette période, l'économie thaïlandaise a subi un ralentissement du taux de croissance du PNB réel et une augmentation du niveau de pauvreté, premier cas du genre depuis 1963, année où les statistiques sur la pauvreté devinrent disponibles. La coïncidence de ces deux faits économiques importants et leur impact négatif sur l'agriculture a fait croire que l'un était responsable de l'autre. Ce document examine la validité de cette conviction en utilisant un modèle appliqué d'équilibre général, (le THAM-2). Les simulations démontrent que les effets conjugués des changements survenus dans le secteur de l'agriculture ont profondément marqué l'économie ...

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 35.

    in new window

    Date of creation: 01 Mar 1991
    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:35-en
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16

    Phone: 33-(0)-1-45 24 82 00
    Fax: 33-(0)-1-45 24 85 00
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:35-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.