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Making Reform Happen in Colombia: The Process of Regional Transfer Reform


  • Sebastián Nieto Parra


  • Mauricio Olivera



This paper studies the interaction between different actors in the policy-making process of fiscal transfer reform in Colombia. To analyse this reform, we use the “life cycle of reform” framework. In that context, we follow critical phases in the reform process: planning, dialogue and adoption, and implementation and sustainability stages. This paper shows that the economic context and institutional factors, such as the new political structure for interactions between agents after the 1991 Constitution, were fundamental in achieving the reform. Moreover, it confirms previous studies showing that communication and compensation strategies play a key role in the approval of reforms. When the “sustainability” of the reform is analysed, this study shows that there is a need to improve the co-ordination of public policies at different levels of government. Ce document étudie les interactions entre les différents acteurs dans le processus de formulation de la réforme des transferts budgétaires en Colombie. Dans le but d’analyser cette réforme, nous utilisons la structure conceptuelle du «cycle de vie » de la réforme. Dans ce contexte, nous suivons les cinq étapes critiques d'une réforme: la Planification, le Dialogue, l'Adoption, l'Exécution et la Soutenabilité. Ce document souligne que le contexte économique et les facteurs institutionnels, comme la nouvelle structure politique qui régit les interactions entre les agents suite à la Constitution de 1991, ont été fondamentaux dans le succès de cette réforme. Par ailleurs, cette recherche corrobore les résultats d’études antérieures mettant en avant le rôle essentiel des stratégies de communication et de compensation dans l’approbation des réformes. L’analyse de l’étape de «soutenabilité » de cette réforme révèle qu’il est nécessaire d’améliorer la coordination des politiques publiques aux différents niveaux de gouvernement.

Suggested Citation

  • Sebastián Nieto Parra & Mauricio Olivera, 2012. "Making Reform Happen in Colombia: The Process of Regional Transfer Reform," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 309, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:309-en

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pablo T. Spiller & Ernesto H. Stein & Mariano Tommasi & Carlos Scartascini & Lee J. Alston & Marcus André Melo & Bernardo Mueller & Carlos Pereira & Cristóbal Aninat & John Londregan & Patricio Navia , 2008. "Policymaking in Latin America: How Politics Shapes Policies," IDB Publications (Books), Inter-American Development Bank, number 40178 edited by Ernesto H. Stein & Mariano Tommasi & Pablo T. Spiller & Carlos Scartascini, February.
    2. Mauricio Olivera & Monica Pachon & Guillermo Perry, 2010. "The Political Economy of Fiscal Reform: The Case of Colombia, 1986-2006," Research Department Publications 4674, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. Ana María Díaz Escobar, 2015. "Acceso a fuentes de empleo, segregación residencial y resultados laborales de las mujeres en Bogotá," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6789, Inter-American Development Bank.
    4. repec:idb:brikps:40178 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Perry, Guillermo & Olivera, Mauricio, 2009. "El impacto del petróleo y la minería en el desarrollo regional y local en Colombia," Research Department working papers 199, CAF Development Bank Of Latinamerica.
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    More about this item


    policy making process; political economy; processus de formulation des politiques; reform; regional transfer; réforme; transfert régional; économie politique;

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation
    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism

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