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The Indian Electronics Industry: Current Status, Perspectives and Policy Options

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  • Ghayur Alam

Abstract

Prior to the 1980s, India's electronics industry was heavily protected. The industry used inefficient production methods to produce obsolete products of low quality at high cost. Since 1983, various attempts were made to "liberalize" the industry. The overall effects have been accelerated growth, the entry of many new firms in the market place and an increased reliance on foreign technology and components. Four case studies, covering personal computers (PCs), colour TVs (CTVs), electronic switching equipment, and integrated circuits (ICs), demonstrate the impact which the government's new electronics policy has had on the industry's technological capabilities and international competitiveness. There is growing concern that liberalization has eroded the industry's technological base and made it far too dependent on imports. A policy shift is likely to occur in the near future to promote greater localisation of component production as well as local research and development ... Priorité des années 80, l'industrie électronique indienne a bénéficié d'une ample protection. Du fait de techniques de production inefficaces, elle génère des produits obsolètes d'une qualité médiocre à des coûts élevés. Depuis 1983, diverses tentatives de "libéralisation" ont vu le jour. De ce fait, la croissance du secteur s'est accélérée, de nombreuses entreprises se sont installées sur le marché, la dépendance à l'égard des technologies étrangères et dans le domaine des composants s'est approfondie. Quatre études de cas -- ordinateurs personnels (PC), téléviseurs couleurs, commutateurs électroniques et circuits intégrés -- montrent les effets de la nouvelle politique du gouvernement en matière électronique sur les performances et la compétitivité internationale du secteur. De toute évidence, cette libéralisation a laminé l'assise technique de l'industrie électronique et creusé sa dépendance à l'égard des importations.Dans le secteur des ordinateurs personnels, après une période ...

Suggested Citation

  • Ghayur Alam, 1990. "The Indian Electronics Industry: Current Status, Perspectives and Policy Options," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 30, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:30-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/486635333275
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