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The Legal Protection of Software: Implications for Latecomer Strategies in Newly Industrialising Economies (NIEs) and Middle-Income Economies (MIEs)

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  • Carlos Maria Correa
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    The issue of the nature and extent of legal protection of software arises in the context of a global software industry in which: a) suppliers and users are both heavily concentrated in the OECD countries; b) US firms dominate the global market, especially for packaged software; c) software Research and Development (R&D) is performed mostly in the developed countries. As yet, very few developing country firms have emerged as internationally competitive software suppliers. The leading software producing and exporting country, the United States, has instituted a system of copyright protection for software which it has sought to export to other countries, even though there remains considerable uncertainty within the United States about the appropriateness of this approach. Indeed, the issue of what sort of regime is best suited to software protection remains an unresolved one. Most developing country software firms are involved in custom software development, for which copyright ... Le débat sur la nature et l'ampleur de la protection juridique des logiciels survient dans un contexte mondial où l'industrie des logiciels se caractérise par : a) une profonde concentration des producteurs et des utilisateurs dans les pays de l'OCDE ; b) la domination du marché par les firmes américaines, notamment dans le domaine des logiciels standards ; c) l'activité Recherche et Développement (R&D) sur les logiciels réalisée essentiellement dans les pays développés. Très peu d'entreprises de pays en développement ont réussi à s'imposer parmi les créateurs compétitifs de logiciels à l'échelle internationale. Les Etats-Unis, premier producteur et exportateur, ont mis au point un système de protection des droits d'auteur qu'ils ont cherché à exporter, alors même que la pertinence de ce système juridique reste très incertaine à leurs propres yeux. La question du meilleur dispositif de protection des logiciels demeure donc non résolue. La plupart des entreprises de logiciels ...

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 26.

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    Date of creation: 01 Oct 1990
    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:26-en
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