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Electronics and Development in Venezuela: A User-Oriented Strategy and Its Policy Implications

  • Carlota Perez
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    The purpose of this paper is to set out a conceptual framework for policies to promote the diffusion of microelectronics in the context of developing countries. The author bases her discussion on the experience of Venezuela, a medium-sized Latin American economy which is currently trying to overcome an extreme dependence on oil export revenues and eliminate the over-protection of its industry in an effort to upgrade its international competitiveness. Current industrialisation policies are centred on three priority sectors: the modernisation of the existing petro-chemical complex; an expansion and upgrading of the mining and metallurgical sector (steel and aluminium); and, finally, aggressive export strategies for a select group of agro-industries, based on tropical agriculture and fisheries. Targeting the requirements of these three priority sectors should guide the formulation and implementation of a useroriented microelectronics strategy. The electronics industry needs to be ... Cet ouvrage cherche à déterminer un cadre conceptuel utile pour la diffusion de la microélectronique dans les pays en développement. Le Venezuela sert de base de référence à l’auteur. Il s’agit d’une économie latino-américaine de taille moyenne qui tente de s’affranchir de son extrême dépendance à l’égard des revenus d’exportations pétrolières et d’éliminer la surprotection de son industrie grâce à un effort de compétitivité internationale. Trois secteurs prioritaires sont au centre de sa politique d’industrialisation actuelle : la modernisation du complexe pétrochimique; l’expansion et le renforcement du secteur minier et métallurgique (acier, aluminium); enfin, une stratégie agressive d’exportations pour des groupes agro-industriels sélectionnés (agriculture tropicale et pêcheries). Les exigences de ces trois secteurs prioritaires orientent la définition et la mise en place d’une stragégie microélectronique au service des ses utilisateurs. Il faut considérer l’industrie ...

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 25.

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    Date of creation: Oct 1990
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:25-en
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