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Overcoming Barriers to Competitiveness

  • Orsetta Causa
  • Daniel Cohen

Raising manufacturing productivity is of central importance to the developing world and an essential element of policy making. Overcoming Barriers to Competitiveness is about establishing the most reliable analysis of manufacturing productivity possible and helping policy makers set their priorities. The paper demonstrates that productivity rests on five elements of the economy: infrastructure, capital, trade, education and aggregate efficiency. These factors, when multiplied together, give a true picture of a country’s situation on the productivity “league table”. More than a simple comparison, this ranking system allows the identification of which elements in each particular national or regional case require most attention. This approach can be viewed as another way of addressing the so-called “competitiveness problem” of poor countries. It does not say, however, that other areas can be totally neglected; one of the main points of the paper is that all five elements have to be ... L’accroissement de la productivité manufacturière est une priorité essentielle des pays en voie de développement. Vers une meilleure productivité industrielle des pays pauvres se donne pour objectif de fournir une analyse de la productivité manufacturière qui soit susceptible d’aider les décideurs politiques de ces pays à fixer leurs priorités. L’article démontre que la productivité repose sur cinq facteurs: les infrastructures, le capital, le commerce, l’éducation, et l’efficacité globale. Il permet ce faisant de classer les pays relativement les uns aux autres eu égard leur dotation en chacun de ces facteurs. Plus qu’une simple comparaison, ce système de classement permet d’identifier les éléments qui, à un niveau régional ou national, requièrent une attention particulière. L’une des thèses centrales de l’article est que les pays pauvres doivent le plus souvent s’atteler à la résolution de ces cinq handicaps à la fois, l’idée sous-jacente est en effet d’éviter que l’un d’entre ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 239.

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Date of creation: Dec 2004
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Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:239-en
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