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International Comparisons of Efficiency in Agricultural Production

  • Guillermo Flichmann
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    This paper deals with the problem of definition and measurement of the efficiency of agricultural production. Using an agronomical simulation model, it makes comparisons of wheat, maize, sunflower and soybean production in different regions of France, Argentina and the United States. The ability of a country to defend its position as an exporter of a specific agricultural product or to maintain local production of a product in deficit, facing the competition of imports, is shown to depend on three factors: 1) the efficiency of agricultural production; 2) the efficiency of an internal transportation, stockage and trading system; and 3) the level of protection for agriculture introduced by different national policies. The first two factors are usually considered as defining the comparative advantage of a country on the considered product. In the international context of today, it is important for many developing countries to know their relative position in terms of ... La question de l'efficience de la production agricole - en termes de définition et de mesure - figure au coeur de cet ouvrage. A l'aide d'un modèle de simulation agronomique, il y est procédé à des comparaisons, dans diverses régions de France, d'Argentine et des Etats-Unis, sur le blé, le maïs, le tournesol et le soja. L'aptitude d'un pays à défendre sa position d'exportateur d'un produit agricole ou à maintenir la production d'une culture en déficit malgré la concurrence des importations dépend de trois facteurs : 1) l'efficience de la production agricole ; 2 ) l'efficience, au plan national, des systèmes de commercialisation, de stockage et de transports ; 3 ) le niveau de protection de l'agriculture décidé par différentes politiques nationales. Les deux premiers facteurs correspondent à ce qu'il est généralement convenu d'appeler les "avantages comparatifs" d'un pays dans une production donnée. Dans le contexte international actuel, de nombreux pays en développement ...

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/436855215210
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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 21.

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    Date of creation: Jul 1990
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:21-en
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