IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

La réforme du secteur financier en Afrique

Listed author(s):
  • Anne Joseph
Registered author(s):

    Cette étude concerne six pays d’Afrique subsaharienne : le Burkina Faso, la Côte d’Ivoire, le Ghana, le Mali, l’Ouganda et la Tanzanie, dont elle décrit les politiques de répression financière appliquées jusqu’au milieu ou la fin des années 80 : politique monétaire interventionniste, prédominance des banques publiques et faible régulation prudentielle. Ces politiques se sont traduites par une accumulation d’actifs non performants, un financement privilégié des gouvernements et une dégradation des systèmes de paiement gérés par les banques. Elles n’ont pas permis d’étoffer la fonction d’intermédiation financière du secteur bancaire. Afin de corriger ces dysfonctionnements, dans le cadre de plans d’ajustement structurel recommandés par les institutions de Bretton Woods, les gouvernements des pays concernés ont libéralisé le secteur financier, assoupli la politique monétaire, restructuré les banques et adopté de nouvelles réglementations prudentielles. Le bilan de ces réformes est ... This study describes the financial repression policies — interventionist monetary policy, predominance of state-owned banks and weak prudential regulation — practised until the middle or the end of the 1980s by six sub-Saharan African countries: Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Uganda and Tanzania. These policies resulted in the accumulation of non-performing loans, privileged government financing and breakdown of bank-controlled payment systems. They also prevented growth of financial intermediation in the banking system. In order to correct these malfunctions, the governments concerned liberalised the financial sector, softened their monetary policies, restructured the banks and adopted new prudential regulation within the context of structural adjustment plans recommended by the Bretton Wood institutions. The result of these reforms has been mixed. While the majority of the banks which were not liquidated have regained solvency, they have not become involved in long-term ...

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 190.

    in new window

    Date of creation: 01 Jul 2002
    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:190-fr
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16

    Phone: 33-(0)-1-45 24 82 00
    Fax: 33-(0)-1-45 24 85 00
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:190-fr. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.