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Globalisation, Poverty and Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Political Economy Appraisal

  • Yvonne M. Tsikata
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    Implementation of globalisation reforms has been uneven in Africa and the policy response generally inadequate. Except in Mauritius, compensatory measures have not been fully applied, reflecting weak capacity and politicisation of the process, so globalisation has largely failed to achieve sustainable pro-poor growth. Country variations were mostly due to the political-institutional situation, state capacity and external factors. Economic crisis and political change gave some non-democracies a mandate to liberalise and space to do it, but in the long run a political system with accountability and coalition-building makes globalisation easier to manage. Supporting agriculture helps the poor in less industrialised countries, while in mineral-rich countries skewed asset distributions create unbalanced political power, leading to inadequate policy and unsustainable reform ... La mise en œuvre des réformes liées à la globalisation a manqué de cohérence en Afrique et les mesures adoptées ont été le plus souvent inappropriées. Si l’on excepte le cas de Maurice, les mesures compensatoires n’ont pas été appliquées dans leur intégralité, en raison des faiblesses de l’administration et de la politisation du processus. La globalisation n’a donc pas réussi à enclencher une croissance durable et propice à la lutte contre la pauvreté. Les différences observées selon les pays résultent essentiellement de la situation politique et institutionnelle locale, de la capacité d’action de l’État et des facteurs extérieurs. A la faveur de la crise économique et de changements politiques, certains États non démocratiques ont pu mettre en œuvre des politiques de libéralisation. Mais, à long terme, il est plus facile de gérer la globalisation avec un système politique capable de rendre des comptes et de bâtir des coalitions. Un soutien à l’agriculture permet d’aider les ...

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 183.

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    Date of creation: Dec 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:183-en
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