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La réforme des télécommunications en Afrique subsaharienne

Listed author(s):
  • Patrick Plane

Partout dans le monde, les télécommunications sont engagées dans de profondes réformes. L’Afrique subsaharienne n’échappe pas à la remise en cause du mode de fonctionnement d’un secteur longtemps dominé par la stabilité technologique et les arrangements institutionnels entre monopoles publics. Quatre facteurs contribuent à une évolution radicale : le besoin d’une plus grande efficacité des réseaux, la possibilité d’introduire de la concurrence par la déréglementation, les innovations technologiques et organisationnelles, le tarissement des fonds publics disponibles pour le développement du secteur. Ces facteurs, qui structurent le nouveau paysage des télécommunications africaines, conduisent actuellement à des stratégies de privatisation partielle des opérateurs historiques, mais également à une concurrence effective sur le réseau filaire ou par les licences de téléphonie cellulaire. Ces changements contribuent à une extension et à une amélioration de la qualité des services ... Throughout the world, deep reforms are being implemented in telecommunications networks. Sub Saharan African countries are not immune to the contestation of the way the sector has been managed to date, dominated as it was by a technological stability and bilateral institutional arrangements between public monopolies. Four factors have contributed to a radical change: the need for a greater efficiency of the networks; the possibility to introduce competition through deregulation; technical and organisational innovations; and the narrow base of public funds available for the sectoral development. These driving forces are structuring the new landscape of the African telecommunication networks, leading notably to partial privatisation of the national incumbent operator, but also to a greater competition through the fixed as well as cellular mobile networks. All these changes should help to provide more services and to promote a much–improved quality. However this outcome requires the ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 174.

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Date of creation: 01 Mar 2001
Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:174-fr
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