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Biotechnology and Developing Country Agriculture: Maize in Brazil

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  • Bernardo Sorj
  • John Wilkinson

Abstract

With annual production averaging over 20 million metric tons, Brazil is the second largest developing country producer of maize (after China) and the third largest in the world. This report analyses development and dissemination of maize research and technology in Brazil from a socio-economic and politico-institutional perspective. It concentrates therefore on agents and factors which influence development of research and its productive application. The report is in two parts. First it describes the role of maize in the Brazilian economy - the main characteristics of its production, marketing and consumption, together with relevant sectoral policies and regulation of seed production. Then it analyses the development of maize research and technology in Brazil, identifying the main agents involved and possible future developments in the light of the introduction of biotechnologies. As an Appendix, the authors review development of biotechnologies in Brazil. Many people have ... Avec une production annuelle moyenne supérieure à 20 millions de tonnes, le Brésil occupe la deuxième place, après la Chine, parmi les pays en développement producteurs de maïs ; à l'échelle mondiale, il se situe au troisième rang. Cette étude examine la technologie et la recherche qui, au Brésil, ont présidé au développement et à l'extension de cette culture. Fondée sur une approche socio-économique et politico-institutionnelle, elle met l'accent sur les acteurs et les facteurs qui déterminent la recherche et sa mise en application dans la production. L'étude comporte deux parties. La première traite de la place du maïs dans l'économie brésilienne - principales caractéristiques de sa production, de sa commercialisation et de sa consommation - ; elle aborde également la politique économique qui s'y applique et l'organisation de la production des semences. La seconde partie s'attache, quant à elle, à la recherche et à la technologie relatives au maïs, aux agents de leur ...

Suggested Citation

  • Bernardo Sorj & John Wilkinson, 1990. "Biotechnology and Developing Country Agriculture: Maize in Brazil," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 17, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:17-en
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