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Biotechnology and Sustainable Crop Production in Zimbabwe

Listed author(s):
  • John J. Woodend
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    This case study of Zimbabwe has examined developments in biotechnology against the background of a welldeveloped national agricultural research, plant breeding and seeds system. It has then assessed the constraints to biotechnology research, technology development and diffusion in the light of the resources available and the technology transfer mechanisms in place for different groups of farmers. The study concludes that, in the case of Zimbabwe's large-scale commercial farmers, the transfer of biotechnology applications will be determined essentially by their economic advantage over techniques currently in use. In the case of the small-scale and communal areas farmers, it is unlikely that biotechnology innovations — particularly when delivered as seed — would be adopted unless special policy measures to address the problems of seeds supply, are taken ... Cette étude de cas examine les progrès des biotechnologies au Zimbabwe, pays dans lequel la recherche agronomique, la sélection végétale et la production de semences améliorées sont bien développées. Les obstacles à la recherche en biotechnologie, au progrès technique et à sa diffusion sont évalués, notamment du point de vue des ressources disponibles et des mécanismes de transfert technologique vers les diverses catégories d'agriculteurs. Dans le cas des grandes exploitations agricoles du Zimbabwe qui commercialisent leur production, les applications des biotechnologies seront adoptées principalement si leur avantage comparatif économique est supérieur à celui des techniques actuellement utilisées. En revanche, il est peu probable que les innovations des biotechnologies (notamment sous forme de semences) soient adoptées par les petits paysans et les exploitants de terres communautaires, si des mesures spécifiques ne sont pas prises pour résoudre les problèmes d'approvisionnement ...

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 109.

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    Date of creation: 01 Dec 1995
    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:109-en
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