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Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: The Case of Mexico

  • José Luis Solleiro Rebolledo
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    This case study of Mexico examines developments in agricultural biotechnology against the background of recent changes in macro-economic, environmental and agricultural policies as well as in the regulation of the seeds industry, intellectual property protection and biosafety. It also identifies incentives and constraints at the different phases of research, technology development and diffusion of biotechnology in agriculture. The study suggests that, under current conditions, biotechnology is likely to benefit only those producers already taking advantage of relatively complex technological packages and to bypass small farmers and peasants. It concludes with recommendations for the establishment of a biotechnology policy for the agriculture sector. Cette étude de cas sur le Mexique analyse l'évolution des biotechnologies destinées à l'agriculture, au regard des récentes réformes intervenues dans les politiques macro-économique, environnementale et agricole, ainsi que dans l'industrie de production de semences, la protection de la propriété intellectueile et la sécurité biologique. Elle identifie également les incitations et les obstacles qui influent sur les différentes phases de la recherche, du développement des technologies et de la diffusion des biotechnologies dans l'agriculture. L'auteur avance que, dans les conditions actuelles, les biotechnologies pourraient ne bénéficier qu'aux producteurs qui sont déjà en mesure de tirer avantage d'ensembles technologiques relativement complexes, tandis que les petits paysans en seraient écartés. En conclusion, il formule des recommandations pour élaborer une politique des biotechnologies au service du secteur agricole.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/384483161627
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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 105.

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    Date of creation: Jan 1995
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:105-en
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