IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Necessity versus opportunity immigrant entrepreneurs: the case of argentineans in Spain


  • Baltar, Fabiola
  • Gregori Gomis, Aleix
  • Brunet Icart, Ignasi


The aim of the paper is to discuss what kinds of firms are founded by the Argentinean entrepreneurs in Spain. The hypothesis is that, like other non community immigrants, there are Argentinean entrepreneurs who start up business motivated by necessity, but there are others who detect opportunities in the market. As there is not a registry of firms according to the nationality of the owner, we used virtual social networks (Facebook's groups) and traditional snowball sampling to contact potential Argentinean entrepreneurs. Finally, 214 entrepreneurs living in Spain were contacted. We made a conglomerate analysis using as criteria the previous labour experience, the sector of activity (knowledge-based or traditional ones) and the motivation to start up a business (opportunity or necessity). The results show that there is heterogeneity among Argentinean entrepreneurs We identified six groups: 1) entrepreneurs motivated by necessity; 2) intrapreneurs in Argentina that start up businesses in sectors that are not knowledge-based; 3) entrepreneurs in Argentina that start up businesses in not knowledge-based sectors; 4) inactive in Argentina that is potentially innovating; 5) intrapreneurs in Argentina that start up businesses in knowledge-based sectors and 6) entrepreneurs in Argentina, with previous business experience, that start up businesses in knowledge-based sectors. Except the first group, they are all "opportunity/driven entrepreneurs". Each group was correlated with the level of education, the performance of the firm and the willingness to return to Argentina. The relationship shows that groups with firms based on knowledge are positively correlated with education and business performance but negatively correlated with the probability to return to the homeland. These conclusions have several policy implications, providing policy makers with information about the different activities carried out by immigrants in order to implement policies for the non-EU ones that lead to a system that would value more this kind of immigrants in society.

Suggested Citation

  • Baltar, Fabiola & Gregori Gomis, Aleix & Brunet Icart, Ignasi, 2011. "Necessity versus opportunity immigrant entrepreneurs: the case of argentineans in Spain," Nülan. Deposited Documents 1428, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Centro de Documentación.
  • Handle: RePEc:nmp:nuland:1428

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gligo, Nicolo, 2006. "Estilos de desarrollo y medio ambiente en América Latina, un cuarto de siglo después," Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo 126, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nmp:nuland:1428. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Cristian Merlino S.) or (Candi Patterson) or (Katrina Wingle). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.