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Review of the empirical literature on factors affecting the supply of off-farm labour


  • Aoife Brick

    (Department of Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway)


The objective of this paper is to assess the currently available literature relating to the labour allocation of farm households. An overview of the theoretical model relating to joint participation and hours of labour supply decisions of farm households is presented; followed by the resulting empirical specification. A discussion of the factors affecting both the participation in an off-farm job and the level of off-farm labour supplied is then undertaken and empirical findings from a range of studies are presented. There is found to be a degree of consensus among authors in relation to the variables chosen to explain the decisions and the nature of the relationships established. Broadly speaking, household characteristics have a stronger influence on spouses decisions than on operators, and farm characteristics have a stronger impact on operators decisions than spouses.

Suggested Citation

  • Aoife Brick, 2005. "Review of the empirical literature on factors affecting the supply of off-farm labour," Working Papers 105, National University of Ireland Galway, Department of Economics, revised 2005.
  • Handle: RePEc:nig:wpaper:0105

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    Cited by:

    1. Deller, Steven & Conroy, Tessa, 2015. "An Exploratory Analysis of Women Farmers and Rural Economic Growth and Development," Staff Paper Series 580, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics.

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    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply


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