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Creative industries: Reality and potential in Japan


  • Emiko Kakiuchi

    (National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies)

  • Kiyoshi Takeuchi

    (National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies)


Due to social and economic changes and ongoing globalization, attention has recently been paid to the importance of creativity and creative industries. In this article we use official statistics to estimate the actual volume of creative industries in Japan. We find that most industries categorized as creative, with the exception of software and computer service, are not growing either in terms of sales or the number of employees. Data analysis indicates that creative industries are primarily small and medium-sized domestic enterprises which are comparatively weak in productivity. However, our study also shows that the categorization of industries as creative or non-creative involves extremely complex questions, and that such a simple two-way classification might not be realistic. Some evidence also suggests that culturally creative activities might be increasing in industries classified as non-creative.

Suggested Citation

  • Emiko Kakiuchi & Kiyoshi Takeuchi, 2014. "Creative industries: Reality and potential in Japan," GRIPS Discussion Papers 14-04, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:ngi:dpaper:14-04

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