IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

National Ownership and the United Nations Case of Civilian Police

  • Takahisa Kawakami

    (National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies)

Registered author(s):

    National ownership is the basic principle in discussing issues related to developing countries. It is also a key to the promotion of peace-building in Afghanistan. In considering national ownership, it is important to distinguish the two elements behind the concept – legitimacy and capacity. These two elements are inter-linked and essential for the promotion of national ownership. The national police, being a core function of a state and the public face of the government, are considered a key to national ownership. The examination of the police will give us a useful insight into the question of national ownership. A comparison will be made between Afghanistan and Timor-Leste, which, despite differences in their situations, share many issues relating to developing a national police force. In Timor-Leste, executive police power is being transferred from the United Nations to the Timorese Police. The conditions for such transfer – institutional, operational and administrative readiness – are concerned both with the capacity and the legitimacy of the Timorese police. The case study in Timor-Leste will show the strong linkage between the two elements; the lack of capacity will undermine the legitimacy of the police and the government, while the police will not be able to sustain a credible service if not backed with legitimacy. The situation is more serious in Afghanistan, where the Afghan police service is suffering from a number of serious issues ranging from the shortage of resources and the lack of adequate training to wide spread corruption. The Afghan police’s lack of capacity undermines its legitimacy and public mistrust makes its operation more difficult. As the police is a key pillar of national ownership, to strengthen the Afghan national police contributes to the promotion of Afghan national ownership. In view of the deteriorating security situation, serious efforts should be made to strengthen the Afghan police service. At the same time, it is imperative to build up trust with local people by promoting institutional integrity and strengthening servicing activities. There is a need to take a balanced strategic approach linking capacity building to legitimacy. The reform process must be nationally owned. Policy priorities should be set by Afghans and international donors must respect them. The United Nations, with its distinctive strength - impartiality and broad support from the international community, and the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, with its broad mandate and extensive network of field offices, could play a meaningful coordinating role in this area.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://www.grips.ac.jp/r-center/wp-content/uploads/09-02.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies in its series GRIPS Discussion Papers with number 09-02.

    as
    in new window

    Length: 10 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ngi:dpaper:09-02
    Contact details of provider: Postal: 7-22-1 Roppongi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan 106-8677
    Phone: +81-(0)3-6439-6000
    Fax: +81-(0)3-6439-6010
    Web page: http://www.grips.ac.jp/r-center/en/discussion_papers/

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ngi:dpaper:09-02. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.