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Male Jobs, Female Jobs, and Gender Gaps in Benefits Coverage

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  • Janet Currie
  • Richard Chaykowski

Abstract

Using contract-level data from the Canadian province of Ontario, we show that workers in predominately female bargaining units have more generous leave provisions but are less likely to have pension coverage than workers in similar predominantly male bargaining units. These differences persist when wages in the bargaining unit are controlled for. We explore the gender differences in pension coverage using a large cross-section of individual-level data and show that for women, lack of pension coverage is explained by gender gaps in wages and tenure which are themselves associated with marriage and child bearing. Finally, we assess the extent to which these findings are consistent with two alternative models of sex-segregation: Labor market discrimination, or a model in which segregation arises because women bear the chief responsibility for household production and tend to hold jobs which are compatible with that role.

Suggested Citation

  • Janet Currie & Richard Chaykowski, 1992. "Male Jobs, Female Jobs, and Gender Gaps in Benefits Coverage," NBER Working Papers 4106, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:4106
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    File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w4106.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Janet Currie & Aaron Yelowitz, 1999. "Health Insurance and Less Skilled Workers," NBER Working Papers 7291, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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