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Torts in Which Victim and Injurer Act Sequentially


  • Steven Shavell


The effect of liability rules on accident avoidance is studied in two types of situations in which potential victims and potential injurers act sequentially: those where victims act first and injurers second; and those where the reverse is true. What is of special interest about the working of liability rules in such sequential situations is that the party who acts second behaves in response to the party who acts first, and that the party who acts first takes this into account. The major result shown is that liability rules induce optimal behavior provided that they lead the party who acts second to act optimally if and only if the first party did so. In an important extension of the basic model considered, however, this result may not hold.

Suggested Citation

  • Steven Shavell, 1982. "Torts in Which Victim and Injurer Act Sequentially," NBER Working Papers 0939, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:0939
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. Lawrence H. Summers, 1982. "The Nonadjustment of Nominal Interest Rates: A Study of the Fisher Effect," NBER Working Papers 0836, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas J. Miceli & Kathleen Segerson, 2001. "Should Victims of Exposure to a Toxic Substance Have an Independent Claim for Medical Monitoring?," Working papers 2002-41, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2002.

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