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Normes du travail, migrations internes et emploi : une analyse théorique

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Abstract

The goal of this paper is to determine the impact of the settings of labour standards on the level of dualism, employment and wages. Contrary to the "conventional wisdom", we show that the reinforcement of dualism due to the improvement of labour standards is not automatic. Under certain assumptions (impact of labour standards on productivity, initial level of labour standards and ratio capital/labour), the improvement of labour standards can improve employment in the formal sector, reduce the relative weight of traditional sector and increase the wage in this sector. We also study the effects of labour standards when these standards creates an additional incentive to migrate. We show that it can create a upward pressure on the level of urban unemployment if the gap between working conditions in the two sector is too large.

Suggested Citation

  • Rémi Bazillier, 2008. "Normes du travail, migrations internes et emploi : une analyse théorique," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne bla08034, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  • Handle: RePEc:mse:cesdoc:bla08034
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    Keywords

    Labor norms; dualism; migration.;

    JEL classification:

    • J80 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - General
    • J88 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Public Policy
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

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