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Les modèles sociaux européens dans la tourmente : quel impact de la crise sur la pauvreté ?



We study the impact the current economic crisis has had on poverty in Europe. We focus on five countries, namely France, Germany, Spain, Sweden and the UK, each of them standing for a social model. Firstly, we observed the differences between models in terms of poverty and noted that in each country the strongest barrier against poverty remains employment. The economic downturn then increases the risk of poverty and challenges European models' capacity to contain that risk. We insist on the possible perverse effects of recent "activation" reforms on European labour markets given the lack of jobs in the current context. Secondly, we studied the way in which each country responded to the crisis and witnessed that activation principles are still called upon. However, it seems that social protection systems that were already at work before the crisis remain essential in the fight against poverty; the measures implemented to face the crisis will only play a marginal role in this respect

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  • Baptiste Françon & Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière, 2010. "Les modèles sociaux européens dans la tourmente : quel impact de la crise sur la pauvreté ?," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 10003, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  • Handle: RePEc:mse:cesdoc:10003

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cyril Caillault, Dominique Guégan, 2009. "Forecasting VaR and Expected Shortfall Using Dynamical Systems: A Risk Management Strategy," Frontiers in Finance and Economics, SKEMA Business School, vol. 6(1), pages 26-50, April.
    2. René M. Stulz, 1996. "Rethinking Risk Management," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 9(3), pages 8-25.
    3. Harry Markowitz, 1952. "Portfolio Selection," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 7(1), pages 77-91, March.
    4. Yamai, Yasuhiro & Yoshiba, Toshinao, 2002. "Comparative Analyses of Expected Shortfall and Value-at-Risk (3): Their Validity under Market Stress," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 20(3), pages 181-237, October.
    5. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00443846 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Benoit Mandelbrot, 2015. "The Variation of Certain Speculative Prices," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: THE WORLD SCIENTIFIC HANDBOOK OF FUTURES MARKETS, chapter 3, pages 39-78 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    7. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00375765 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Rockafellar, R. Tyrrell & Uryasev, Stanislav, 2002. "Conditional value-at-risk for general loss distributions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(7), pages 1443-1471, July.
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    More about this item


    Crisis; poverty; social protection models; activation;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings


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