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Golden-rule social security and public health in a dynastic model with endogenous longevity and fertility

Author

Listed:
  • Jie Zhanga
  • Siew Ling Yew

Abstract

In this paper we investigate long-run optimal social security and public health and their effects on fertility, longevity, capital intensity, output per worker and welfare in a dynastic model with altruistic bequests. Under empirically plausible conditions, social security and public health reduce fertility and raise longevity, capital intensity and output per worker. The effects of social security, except that on longevity, are stronger than those of public health. Numerically, they can improve welfare (better when they are used together than used separately). We also illustrate numerically that there exists a unique convergent solution in the dynamic system at the steady state.

Suggested Citation

  • Jie Zhanga & Siew Ling Yew, 2011. "Golden-rule social security and public health in a dynastic model with endogenous longevity and fertility," Monash Economics Working Papers 07-11, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:mos:moswps:2011-07
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    File URL: http://www.buseco.monash.edu.au/eco/research/papers/2011/0711goldenruleyewzhang.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre Pestieau & Gregory Ponthiere, 2012. "The Public Economics of Increasing Longevity," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 200(1), pages 41-74, March.
    2. Pierre Pestieau & Grégory Ponthière, 2012. "The public economics of increasing longevity," Working Papers halshs-00676492, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social security; Public health; Life expectancy; Fertility;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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