IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/mon/ceddtr/89.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Dynamiques et persistance de la pauvreté en Russie

Author

Listed:
  • Matthieu Clément

    () (GED, Université Montesquieu-Bordeaux IV)

Abstract

L’objectif de cet article est de décrire et expliquer les dynamiques de la pauvreté monétaire en Russie entre 1994 et 2000, à partir des enquêtes Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey. Dans un premier temps, l’utilisation des outils classiques de l’analyse des dynamiques de pauvreté – indices FGT, dominance stochastique, etc. – révèle que les évolutions de la pauvreté ont suivi les fluctuations macroéconomiques. L’incidence de la pauvreté atteint un maximum de 27,5 % en 1998, quelques mois après la crise financière. Dans un second temps, le recours aux données de panel permet, selon trois approches différentes, d’évaluer l’importance relative de la pauvreté chronique et de la pauvreté transitoire. Les résultats montrent qu’en Russie, la pauvreté est essentiellement un phénomène transitoire. Enfin, l’étude économétrique des déterminants des formes dynamiques de pauvreté, à partir de modèles Tobit, révèle que la pauvreté chronique s’explique par des facteurs structurels et plus particulièrement par les dotations en actifs des ménages, alors que les causes de la pauvreté transitoire sont avant tout conjoncturelles et étroitement liées à la situation sur le marché du travail. This article describes and explains the dynamics of poverty in Russia between 1994 and 2000. In the first place, the use of classical tools of poverty dynamics analysis – FGT indices, stochastic dominance, etc. – reveals that poverty evolutions are parallel to macroeconomic fluctuations. The poverty headcount index reaches a maximum of 27,5 % in 1998, just after the financial crisis. In the second place, the recourse to panel data helps to measure chronic and transitory poverty, according to three different methodologies. The results show that, in Russia, poverty is chiefly a short term phenomenon. Finally, the econometric study of chronic and transitory poverty determinants, with Tobit models, shows that long term poverty is mainly explained by structural factors such as households assets endowments, whereas transitory poverty is closely linked to shocks and labor market characteristics. (Full text in french)

Suggested Citation

  • Matthieu Clément, 2003. "Dynamiques et persistance de la pauvreté en Russie," Documents de travail 89, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV, revised Sep 2005.
  • Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:89
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://ged.u-bordeaux4.fr/ceddt89.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:89. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.