La " bonne " gouvernance, dernier-né des modèles de développement. Aperçu de la Mauritanie
‘Good' governance is a new development pattern elaborated during the 90's when structural adjustment appeared insufficient to sustain growth. First presented technically by the World Bank as improved management of public resources in order to pursue the Civil Service and the state apparatus reforms, governance is then analysed in the framework of democratic governance. It insists on the government legitimity and its opening to the civil society, important for political leaders to satisfy people. Democracy and development go hand in hand. ‘Good' governance is coming from the synthesis of technical and democratic governance. A new state whose missions would match up capacities is proposed so that market failures are prevented and new institutional rules are helpful to the private sector growth and the civil society expression. Moreover, the overall reforms included in good governance - civil service, control of corruption, decentralization, participation, legal and judiciairy systems, Rule of law - transform the conditionality of international aid which can under cover of this new leitmotiv, extends its requirements from economics to politics and institutions. This new development pattern is hardly implemented because of the intricacies of the reforms. In addition, the link between good governance and development is supposed and not prouved. These shortcomings are reinforced by the prescriptivism and the western ideology that underlie this model. (Full text in French)
|Date of creation:||May 1999|
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